Mexican Retirement Communities – Transportation to Cozumel Island


Cozumel estate is located on an island in unique condition; this may raise concerns for property buyers about transport to and from the island, while transport is readily available at reasonable prices. Most importantly, the island itself offers complete services, amenities and products that make it the best choice among Mexican pension communities.
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Located on an island, Cozumel’s international airport provides most of the transportation needed by retirees and other residents. For example, in the last week of June 2010, the airport received 37 international flights carrying a total of 5,550 passengers, including both tourists and residents of the island.
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Some of the targets are Atlanta, Houston, Chicago, Dallas, Charlotte and Toronto; these are just a few of the places where direct flights are offered. Direct return flights to many parts of North America can be connected for as little as $ 600 and as low as $ 400.
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Flights at reasonable prices are also available in many parts of Mexico and many other international destinations. Cheap flights to the nearby cities of Cancun and Merida are also easily available. If you are on the mainland, a wider range of flights from Cancun also offers affordable options.
Flying is not the only way in and out of the island; The ferry to Playa del Carmen runs most of the hours per hour and runs just over $ 10 (in one direction). With relatively low-priced taxis from Playa del Carmen, car hire and tour buses can be used to roam the mainland of Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula.
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Although there is easy access to the island, Cozumel itself offers complete services for the retirement community. In fact, boat lovers may want to take advantage of marina services to sail to the mainland or take a longer tour. Golf is also available in Cozumel and many communities offer opportunities for tennis and other sports.
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With its beautiful, traditional Mexican town center, many Mayan pyramid sites and the beautiful nature around it, those who enjoy retirement here are worth a visit without ever getting bored of the atmosphere that plays such an important role. relaxation. And of course, there are always shafts and shafts of the wide beaches to enjoy!
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Southwest Airlines Operations – A Strategic Overview



Southwest Airlines is the largest airline in the United States, measured by the number of passengers transported each year. You can also use the & # 39; discount airline & # 39; & # 146; Compared to the major competitors in the industry. Rollin King and Herb Kelleher founded Southwest Airlines on June 18, 1971.
Their first flight was from Love Field in Dallas to Houston and San Antonio, and there were short jumps with unrestricted service and a simple fare structure. The airline started with one simple strategy: & # 39; # If you bring your passengers to their destination when they want to go there at the lowest possible price, and make sure they have a good time doing it, people fly the airline.
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& # 148; This approach has been key to the success of the Southwest. The Southwest currently serves 71 million passengers (in 2004) and 60 cities (in 31 states) with a total operating income of $ 6.5 billion. Southwest, open to the public & # 147; LUV & # 148; On the NYSE.
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* The first major airline to fly a uniform plane (Boeing 737s)

* The first major airline offering a ticketed travel system includes frequent schedules that depend on the number of flights and not on the number of miles traveled.

* The first airline offering profit sharing program to its employees (founded in 1973).
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* It is the first major airline that develops a website and provides online booking services. In 2001, approximately 40 percent of passenger revenue ($ 2.1 billion) was generated from online bookings at (http://www.southwest.com). Southwest’s cost per booking over the Internet is approximately US $ 1, compared to the cost per booking made through travel agencies between US $ 6 and US $ 8.
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Key competitive advantages:

* Low Operating Costs / High Operating Efficiency

* Award-winning customer service

* Human Resources practices / Work culture

Transaction Analysis & # 150; Competitive Dimensions:

Southwest clearly has a significant advantage over other airlines in the industry by implementing an effective and efficient operational strategy, which is an important pillar of its overall corporate strategy. Below are some of the competitive dimensions to be discussed in this study.
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1. Operational Costs and Productivity

2. Customer Service

3. Employee / Labor Relations

4. Technology

1. Operational Costs and Productivity
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After all, the airline is in general chaos. But how does Southwest Airlines stay profitable? According to President Kelleher, Southwest Airlines has the lowest cost and strongest balance sheet in its industry. The two largest operating costs for any airline & # 150; labor costs (about 40%) followed by fuel costs (about 18%). Some other ways in which the Southwest can keep operational costs low – flying end-to-end routes, selecting secondary (smaller) airports, moving consistent airplanes, maintaining high aircraft use, promoting e-ticket sales, and so on.

Labor costs

Labor costs for the Southwest account for about 37% of operating costs. Perhaps the most critical element of the successful low-tariff airline business model is to achieve significantly higher labor productivity. According to a recent HBS Case Study, southwest airlines are the most heavily unionized & # 148; US airline (approximately 81% of its employees belong to a union) and salary rates are considered to be in the middle or above compared to the US airline industry. The advantage of low-wage carrier labor is in much more flexible working rules that allow cross-use of almost all employees (except where licensing and security standards are not permitted). A long-standing culture of cooperation between such cross-use and labor groups is turning into lower unit labor costs. In the fourth quarter of 2000, the total labor per seat mile (ASM) in the Southwest was below 25% of the United States and Americans, and below 58% of US Airlines.

Carriers, such as the Southwest, have a huge cost advantage over network airlines, as only the labor produces more output per employee. In a 2001 study, productivity of Southwest workers was above 45% from the United States and the United States, despite essentially longer flight lengths and the larger average aircraft size of these network carriers. Therefore, the Southwest can positively affect its lower incomes, with its relentless search for the lowest labor cost.

Fuel Costs

Fuel costs are the second largest expense for post-labor airlines and account for about 18 percent of the carrier’s operating costs. Airlines that want to avoid large fluctuations in operating costs and ultimately profitability prefer to be protected from fuel prices. If airlines can control fuel costs, they can more accurately estimate budgets and estimate your earnings. When increased competition and air travel became a commodity business, being competitive in price was key to the airline’s survival and success. Due to the highly competitive nature of the industry, it was difficult to pass on higher ticket costs to passengers by raising ticket prices.

Southwest has successfully implemented its fuel conservation strategy to save a significant amount of fuel expenditure and has the greatest protection position among other carriers. In the second quarter of 2005, Southwest’s unit costs fell by 3.5%, despite a 25% increase in jet fuel costs. During the fiscal year 2003, the Southwest had much lower fuel consumption (0.012 per ASM) than other airlines, with the exception of JetBlue, as shown below. In 2005, 85 percent of the airline’s fuel need was maintained at $ 26 per barrel. In August 2005, world oil prices reached $ 68 per barrel. Only in the second quarter of 2005, the Southwest saved $ 196 million in fuel. The state of the industry also shows that protected airlines have a competitive advantage over unprotected airlines. In Southwest 2003, he announced that he would add performance-enhancing Blended Wings to his current and future Boeing 737-700 fleet. Visually distinctive Winglets improve performance by increasing the range of the aircraft, saving fuel, reducing engine maintenance costs and reducing take-off noise.

Point to Point Service

Southwest operates a point-to-point flight service to maximize operational efficiency and stay cost-effective. Most of its flights have an average short range of about 590 miles. It uses the strategy to keep its flights more frequently in the air and therefore provides better capacity utilization.

Secondary Airports

Southwest flies to secondary / smaller airports to reduce travel delays and therefore provides excellent service to its customers. He pioneered the industry in time. Southwest also reduced airport operating costs better than competing airlines.

Consistent aircraft

At the heart of Southwest’s success is a single aircraft strategy: its fleet consists only of Boeing 737 jets. Having a joint fleet makes programming, operations and flight maintenance considerably easier. There is only one airplane to be learned because the training costs for pilots, ground crew and mechanics are low. Purchasing, procurement and other operations are also simplified, thus reducing costs. Consistent airplanes also enable the Southwest’s pilot team to use them more efficiently.


The idea of ​​traveling without tickets was a great advantage for the Southwest because it could reduce distribution costs. In the mid-1990s, the Southwest became electronic or non-ticketed, and today they remain 90-95% without ticket. Credit card customers are eligible for online transactions and Southwest.com reservations today account for approximately 65% ​​of total revenue. Gary Kelly, CEO, believes that this idea will grow even further, and he would not be surprised if e-ticket sales accounted for 75% of Southwest’s revenue by the end of 2005. In the past, when there was a 10% trip, the agency paid the commission, the reservation fee was about $ 8. Currently, however, the Southwest is paying between 50 cents and $ 1 per booking for electronic transactions, which means huge cost savings.

2. Employee and Labor Relations

Southwest has gained great importance for its innovative management style. It maintains uninterrupted focus on high-performance relationships, and human management practices have been the key to its unmatched success in the airline industry.

Statement of duty

our employees

# We are committed to providing our employees with a stable work environment that offers equal opportunities for learning and personal development. Creativity and innovation are encouraged to increase the effectiveness of Southwest Airlines. First of all, employees will be provided with the same concern, respect and care as the organization expected to share with all Southwest Customers within the organization. & # 148;

The southwest mission demonstrates a strong commitment to the company’s employees. The Company respects the employees it provides to its customers in the same way. The Southwest mission statement is unique in recognizing the importance of its employees in a broader business strategy that emphasizes superior customer service and operational efficiency. Employees respond to the respect, loyalty and trust that the Southwest has shown. Southwest employees are known for their loyalty, commitment, attitude and innovation. Employees are the distinction factor between the Southwest and the rest of the airline industry.


Southwest recruitment policy is unique not only within the airline industry but also in a wider area and revolves around finding people with the right attitude to flourish in Southwest culture. Comprehensive procedures are applied in recruitment for positive attitude and dedication. Those who do not have these qualities are extracted. Colleen Barrett, a non-operational officer in the Southwest,

& # 39; Employment is important because you cannot institutionalize your behavior. Instead, you’ll need to identify people who already implement the behaviors you’re looking for. You can then let Employees be themselves and make decisions about customer service based on their common sense and natural disposition. & # 148; one

Recruitment and interviewing in the Southwest is a two-stage process. The first step is a group interview conducted by employees to assess the communication skills of potential candidates. The next steps in this process are one-to-one interviews where candidates’ attitudes and orientations to serve others are assessed. These recruitment criteria apply to all business functions because all Employees in the Southwest seem to play a customer service role. A critical part of Southwest’s operational strategy is that every business in the Southwest is a customer service location, whether it applies directly to the customer or whether it is internal.

The table below shows that although the Southwest is the most heavily unionized airline, at about 80%, contract negotiations between trade unions and the Southwest are much shorter than other major carriers. This demonstrates the quality of Southwest’s relationship with its employees and the trade unions that represent them.


Southwest was founded as a different company and from the beginning a unique culture was nurtured. In 1990, Colleen Barrett founded the Southwest Cultural Committee. This is unique in the industry and among all the major companies. The committee also has a mission:

The purpose of this group is to help create the spirit and culture of the Southwest when necessary; enrich and make it better where it exists; and revive where it may be “flood”. In short, the aim of this group is to do “whatever it takes” to create, develop and enrich the special Southwest spirit and culture that makes such a wonderful Company / Family. & # 148;

This unique approach to company values ​​creates a culture that distinguishes itself from others. Southwest culture is the reason for its success.

3. Customer Service

Mission of Southwest Airlines

The mission of Southwest Airlines is dedication to the highest level of customer service with warmth, sincerity, individual pride and the Company Spirit.


Herb Kelleher, founder of the Southwest, says, “We are in the customer service business; we only do air transportation.” 2 Award-winning customer service is a distinctive feature of the Southwest and is built-in; “Positive Ugly Service”. This means that everyone from top to bottom is doing their best to satisfy the customer. This includes Herb Kelleher, who is known to help baggage handlers on Thanksgiving. Emphasizing the customer and employee, he emphasized that Southwest can distinguish itself from the others in the airline industry. On a more technical level, each employee or group within the Southwest has its own client. This means that each employee has the & # 146; Although it does not interfere in some way or directly with the passenger. The customer of the mechanic is a pilot and the catering is a flight attendant.


It can be said that the Southwest “Positive Ugly Service” is not the duty of a department, program or management. It is not secondary to the product; It is the product. & # 148; This approach creates conditions in which Employees are more likely to treat customers in ways that distinguish the company from others. There are a large number of passenger accounts that have been treated exceptionally by Southwest employees.

The question is, how different is Southwest’s customer service and why? Is it common to praise other airlines for their special services for their customers? That’s not the answer. There is no monopoly on people who are kind and willing to go above and beyond to please a customer, but such behavior is fed to a much greater extent in the Southwest.

It can then be concluded that customer service, which is unique to the Southwest, is part of the culture. This culture is supported by encouraging employees to make additional efforts to please the customer. This approach normally inspires people who only occasionally interrupt to help someone, perform consistently, always provide exceptional service. Southwest employees are what distinguishes customer service from other airlines.

4. Technology

Southwest uses technology in many ways to meet its business goals and maintain effective operations. According to the CEO, technology efficiency is equal. Launched in 1996, the ticketless travel was first introduced by Southwest. On May 1, 2000, Southwest Airlines introduces SW SWABIZ portal, a portal that helps company travel executives make reservations and follow-up trips through the website (http://www.southwest.com). There are many new technology initiatives currently under way and some are in the pipeline.

Barcodes in Boarding Passes

Southwest Airlines has invested $ 12 million in the last three years to standardize its corporate and terminal operations on approximately 10,000 Dell OptiPlex desktops and Latitude laptops, according to company executives. Southwest wanted to replace the well-known glossy plastic boarding cards with an electronic system with barcode paper boarding cards. So we installed about 350 touch screen ticket readers supported by Dell OptiPlex desktop computers. The barcode provides more information to automatically reconcile the number of boarding passes to the Southwest with the number of passengers boarding.

While technology would help Southwest Airlines combine passenger information for the company’s 3,000 flights daily, there were concerns that it could extend the time it takes to board passengers. However, it was found that scanning each barcode on boarding passes did not increase or shorten boarding schedules, but it took several minutes of administrative procedures, such as looking at customer records. The new paper barcode system allows Southwest ticket agencies to match a customer record with the obligation to scroll and log into multiple software screens. The process is much more automated. When the bar code on the boarding pass is scanned at the terminal door, it checks the person in the passenger list in real time.

The old process was from finding information, from booking to check-in, and from several boarding screens to scrolling. Barcode equipment used to scan boarding cards was deployed. The company is in the process of replacing customer service back office equipment at airports, including its headquarters in Dallas.

Software Upgrades

Software applications such as those used by officers to control passengers are being modified. Southwest Airlines & # 39; s internally written “Airport Application Suite” is expected to be launched next year with the transition from green screens to the Window-based user interface. Similar to Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Southwest Airlines believes in developing in-house software that operates its operations. The company uses very little ready software. Each year, there are 75 to 100 projects supported by approximately 900 IT employees.


Radio frequency identification technology is an alternative to barcoding for baggage recognition on Southwest’s radar. In 2006, it plans to test RFID technology. While the Southwest continues to grow small with other airlines such as Air Tran, Alaska and Champion Airlines, in many cases it can spur more sophisticated applications that are waiting longer.


Southwest emerged very successfully despite the most troubled times in the airline market. However, JetBlue, ATA airlines, and other low-cost airlines, such as America West, face new challenges in the face of increasing competition.

Reserved seats

Due to increased security guidelines since September 2001, they need to be prepared for designated (reserved) seating to track passengers on the Southwest’s flight. This change will involve major technology investments and will adversely affect door operations, as the existing unassigned seating style helps in fast door turns.

Passenger Request

The simple hold philosophy served well to the southwest. But as their businesses grow and grow, dozens of new aircraft purchase plans and the expectation of approaching nearly 80 million passengers in passenger traffic, the airline’s IT philosophy, the strategy of simplicity reflected. IO It’s time to adapt our business processes for efficiency, C said CIO Tom Nealon. When our airline is scaled to give us the same kind of high-touch customer service, we have to automate many things we can do. without advance technology. The challenge is to do it without accepting the customer’s touch. ”Southwest also aggressively follows customer relationship management (CRM) techniques and has applications to understand customer wishes and tastes. According to the interview with CEO Gary Keller, the Southwest focused on developing two areas – the customer’s airport experience and flight experience.

In-flight Entertainment

Overall, in-flight entertainment in an effort to improve the customer’s flight experience is something that Southwest is currently evaluating and that JetBlue is already very successful because of its introduction on long-haul flights. In contrast, the Southwest has 415 planes to consider, and this represents an investment decision in a completely new dimension. In addition, he should consider how southwestern jobs fit into their environment. At this point, 60% of the service is still very short. Southwest should be aware that a particular approach that is successful for its competitor may not necessarily be suitable for its advantage.


Southwest has long been recognized as a benchmark in the industry for operational excellence. Southwest Airlines is a good example of a company committed to its core competencies – efficient operations, exceptional customer service delivery and innovative HR management practices to maintain its low-cost structure. We hope that this article will give a good insight into Southwest operations as part of its overall strategy to achieve its success strategy and competitive advantage.


1. (http://www.southwest.com) (Southwest Airlines official website)

2. & # 147; Southwest sheds simple & # 148; – World of Air Transport, April 2005, page 36

3. Worldwide $ 48 (or so): How High Can Discount Airlines Fly? & # 147; Strategy Management – Information @ Wharton Bulletin 5 Oct 2005

4. TechWeb – (http://www.techweb.com/wire/ebiz/173601227)

5. & # 147; Southwest’s Success Strategy: Assemble! & # 148; – Oracle Magazine (September / October 2004 edition) http://www.oracle.com/technology/oramag/oracle/04-sep/o54swest.html

6. & # 147; Southwest Airlines: High Technology, Low Cost & # 148; – Eweek.com, April 2005

7. & # 147; Jet Fuel Hedging Strategies: Available Options for Airlines and an Industrial Applications Survey & # 148; & # 150; Kellogg Faculty of Management Research Report, Spring 2004

8. Winning Behavior: What Do the Most Intelligent, Most Successful Companies Do in a Different Way? Terry R. Bacon and David G. Pugh, 2003

9. Time Magazine, October 28, 2002, Volume. 160 Number 18, p. 45

10. Change Wings & # 148; Information Week, 28 March 2005,

11. Labor Contract Negotiations in the Airline Industry, Monthly Labor Review, July 2003, page 24



Ripple news

The Agoric blockade has made $ 4 million to continue its mission of making intelligent contracts safer.

Started last year, Agoric aims to develop a block-agnostic programming language especially for intelligent contracts. JavaScript-based language allows programmers to perform a formal validation process, and nowadays it is easier to access than other languages ​​used in boulders.

In a press release, the company announced new funding for Ripple’s Xpring, Gummi Cripto Capital, Kilowatt Capital, MetaStable Capital, Outlier Ventures, Lemniscap, Rockaway Blockchain and Interchain Foundation, and abroad.

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Download plans to expand the size of your team with new funding for design and business development as it prepares technology for the market.

Agoric’s next specific goal is to launch a testnet and build “the next generation of decentralized projects”.

The principal investigator, Mark Miller, states in his statement that skillful contracts can sometimes be “too costly mistakes”.


Book Online and Make Money Using These Tips


Although you have to travel to another city or another country, booking a flight has never been easier. There are many options for travelers. The airlines themselves provide services on the internet, telephone and in person.
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There are also budget travel sites that simplify the whole process, allowing you to compare all prices at each airline at once and choose the one that best suits your preferences.
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When booking a flight, there are many things to consider: departure city, departure date, arrival city, arrival date, the number of nights you will be returning to your destination, whether you want to book a car with the flight and / or book a hotel, etc.
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Luckily, all this is easy with the use of online search and comparison tools. You can experiment with dates, times and destinations to get an idea of ​​the price range. The more flexible you are, the easier it will be to get a cheaper price.
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Age is also an important factor – especially if you are traveling with children or the elderly. Ticket prices are different for adults and children aged 17 and under.
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For older adults, senior discounts may be available. While credit / debit cards are the primary payment methods preferred by the airline, there are several airlines that accept PayPal and unused travel funds. You may also have brochures or gift cards that you can use.

Price Alerts Will Help You Flight

Be sure to register for price alerts before booking a flight. Tickets can vary considerably – even on a daily basis. Even if you have to buy tickets for relatives or associates, even a small drop can make big savings. Some online sites and tools even allow you to set your own budget and inform you when a ticket is available to suit your budget range.

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Decide whether it is cheaper to book a long-distance flight yourself. If you’re flying a long distance, imagine that it may be cheaper to take two or three feet on the trip and add one or two more goals to the trip.

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For example, if you need to fly from Europe to Alaska, you can first book a trip to Atlanta, then book a trip from Atlanta to Chicago, then fly from Chicago to Seattle and then take the airlines by plane to Alaska. Who offers smaller trips may be cheaper to fly to.

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The best thing to do is to use a travel exchange comparison site that will allow you to compare all the prices of all airlines on your dates at once. Choose the one that best suits your needs and book a hotel, room and car rental if needed.

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When you want to book a flight for a business trip or holiday, the best place to start searching is online. The site will remember not only the best airfare prices, but also hotel prices and car rental discounts. You can create your own routes using online coupons and save on process.



Cheap Flights from El Paso: A Guide to ELP Airports, Airlines, and Affordable Destinations


Whether you are from El Paso or traveling through, you can use the internet to help you find the discount airfare. ELP serves as entrance to western Texas and northern and southern New Mexico.
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You can fly to other parts of the country; There are six airline companies flying and leaving several times a day. It’s usually not hard to find cheap flights from El Paso to any region in the United States.
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If you want to fly to Vegas, Orlando or San Diego, Allegiant Airlines offers some great deals. American Airlines offers non-stop flights to major cities such as Dallas, Los Angeles and Chicago and links to international destinations. Other airlines operating ELP include Southwest, Frontier, Delta and United. Southwest Airlines is the highest carrier flying from ELP, offering over 1,200 flights per month.

If you need to get to Dallas or some cities in NM from other parts of the country, decide whether it is cheaper to fly directly or first fly to El Paso, then further to Dallas. Since air costs can change on a daily basis, you may want to be more flexible with dates and time. One day you can discover that there are no cheap flights from El Paso to your destination, and the next day there may be a few.

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A lot of travel experts recommend a trip to specific days of the week to get the cheapest rates. For example, going mid-week and returning on Sundays or Tuesdays will usually bring you a good return journey.
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However, this is not always the case, especially around the holidays so you will still want to take the time to cross over options and compare rates.
ELP is a beautiful airport so you can enjoy while waiting for the start of the cruise. There are two art galleries and art galleries, as well as a shopping center on the main floor, accessible before a security checkpoint. High speed wireless Internet access is available throughout the terminal.
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The prices are determined by individual airline companies, not airports. Sometimes you will find additional discounts and promotional codes from third-party sites. Do not search cheap cheap flights from El Paso – look no further than a cheap hotel with airfare. It is possible to save on a journey as a whole if you book all at once.

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All of these packages and offers can be found online. Search and comparison tools for airplanes are very easy to use. You will find cheap flights from El Paso to any destination at a time.

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Smart Airports – Making Every Journey Better Than Before


In this age of globalization, every enterprise is big or small; consumer demand revolves around. The introduction of smart airports is proof that the aviation industry is no different. Consumer needs are increasing with continuous research and development activities that will enable the development of technologies for each sector. There is a significant increase in business trips. Increasing the affordability of air travel due to handsome disposable income and cost-effective flight services increases this trend. In order to respond to increasing demand, each business has to have an accurate business model designed to meet maximum requirements.

A decade ago, buses and trains were some of the most common modes of transport for long-distance trips, buses or trains. At that time, the number of passengers traveling by plane was quite low due to expensive tickets and a limited number of airports. Yet now; Travelers who choose to travel long distances have a high priority. The number of passengers preferring to travel by plane and train on the highway is increasing day by day. All loans go to focal authorities, which focus on frequently changing consumer demand and update airport services accordingly on time.

Ultra-modern Intelligent Airport Technologies

There are enough examples of technology to turn any airport into a smart airport and offer advanced technology to travelers.

Location Technology

Worldwide, technologies such as radio frequency identification and Bluetooth beacons are used in airports, sports stadiums, museums and even retail stores. These technologies can enable users to find themselves and get directions to a specific section within that space. This radio frequency identification works on the basis of wireless data transmission in electromagnetic fields to find labels lined up to various objects. For example, Dubai International Airport uses this technology to track the luggage of different airlines. It can help airlines track passengers' baggage from check-in to landing. Using this intelligent technology in airports can significantly reduce the number of complaints about lost baggage.

IP-enabled Security Cameras

Always full of passengers traveling around the world, security is one of the biggest concerns at any airport. In order to maintain a high level of airport security in all aspects, it is important to equip airports with all kinds of smart devices available. One of these devices is IP security cameras. This type of camera connects to the internet wired or wireless and is used to provide real-time surveillance from anywhere in the world using internet-compatible smart devices such as mobile phones and TV screens. The real-time surveillance facility can support airport security personnel to identify suspects behind terrorist activities and ensure peace. IP cameras equipped with intelligent technologies such as face detection software and video analytics can use algorithms and face recognition to detect and record illegal activity. Nearly every smart airport uses state-of-the-art cameras for security reasons due to its cost-effectiveness and scalability.


Another example of intelligent technologies applied at airports to speed up operations is biometrics. This technology uses physical features such as fingerprint scanning, face recognition, voice recognition, and IRIS scanning to quickly board and board flights at airports. By eliminating long queues, it can reduce the check-in process for passengers and identify any offender suspects, if any. Biometric machines use preloaded databases of world-renowned criminals and match the biometric details of each passenger examined to identify any irregularities. For example, Air Asia recently launched a biometric boarding system to scan passengers flying to Macau and Bangkok at Senai International Airport. Travelers need to place their passports on an automatic table that can scan their faces to create a profile. From there, passengers can speed up their boarding with face scans.

Web Check-In

As the name implies, passengers traveling by plane can choose the web check-in facility to avoid long check-in queues at airports. This smart service is best for those traveling with hand luggage only, because it can go directly to secure entrances and save time. However, passengers carrying a check bag can go directly to the baggage drop-off point before proceeding to safety check. In addition, travelers can even mark their presence on the flight and print their boarding pass with their chosen seats. Further details on meals and the amount of baggage can be mentioned.

Wi-Fi internet

Knowing that the internet is one of the most important requirements of any smartphone user, most airports provide Wi-Fi to travelers. For security reasons, strong hijackers should be found at airports and travelers need to face network problems. For this reason, many passengers find it difficult to communicate by phone and use their laptops for business purposes without using the Internet. To solve this problem, most airports in the world provide Wi-Fi.

Shuttle service

In international airports with multiple terminals, it is sometimes difficult for passengers to travel inside the airport. To solve this problem, most airports provide a shuttle service at a nominal price for passengers wishing to travel from one terminal to another. It can help passengers save both time and energy. For example, Delhi International Airport provides a shuttle service between terminals 1 and 3 for passengers in need. The service is likely to be free of charge for passengers engaged in connecting flights. All they need to do is show their conductor tickets for their next flight and travel for free. Others may be charged a nominal fee to use the service.

Multi Storey Parking

For frequent and local passengers, parking cars at airports is a major concern due to the increasing number of passengers. Thanks to the multi-level parking facility adopted by rushing airports, consumers can easily find space for their vehicles. Overcoming parking obstacles are equipped with radars that identify your vehicle and automatically rise during authentication. For example, Manchester airport offers its passengers a multi-storey parking space to park their vehicles before catching their flight. Parking is so user-friendly that travelers can easily park their car, unload their luggage and head for check-in.


Walkways are the best option for those who are sufficiently tried to walk around the airport and are physically disabled to walk around freely. A belt that moves horizontally across the airport area to help passengers easily reach boarding gates. Although it was first installed at the Dallas Love Field terminal in 1958, many companies have since found upgraded walkway versions. For example, Thyssenkrupp has developed a high-capacity, high-speed walkway called ACCEL based on maglev technology. It can start at normal walking speed and accelerate to 7.5 mph when a passenger detects it. The movement the passenger took on the other side of this passage fell back to normal speed.

Smart Airport Market: What Does the Future Hold?

The overpopulation of airports and the increasing number of flights require innovative technology to overcome these obstacles. As mentioned above, such technology-based smart devices support passengers traveling by reducing and relieving complexity during the boarding process.

The high demand for real-time airport information due to the increased burden on the workforce at airports is expected to push the smart airports market. The establishment of a new airport, which has been growing due to developments in commercial aviation, can fuel market growth. Increasing the adoption of artificial intelligence between airports with the continuous technological development of smart devices will encourage market growth.

The integration of intelligent technologies in any airport can be difficult for airport personnel and can hamper market growth. The high installation costs of these technologies, together with a lack of awareness among passengers, may hinder the growth of the market.

Some of the leading companies offering intelligent airports systems and services are Honeywell International Inc .; Amadeus IT Group S.A .; IBM; Cisco Systems, Inc. and Siemens AG. Each of these companies frequently invests in research and development to provide advanced products based on innovative technologies for consumer use. (Give a few examples of innovation and product development)


Given the growing focus of airport authorities on consumer demand, it is clear that the future will surely surprise passengers with more innovative devices for smart airports.


Barefoot and Airport Floor


I just finished attending a great conference in Dallas and now I'm waiting for my flight at the airport. You know what it's like … listening to my iPod, editing my notes, using the seller's information, and watching people.

Flip-flops for those who think traveling will make us wear the worst shoes when we need to walk too much. Of course, they have their place: a dressing room in your gym, in public showers, around the pool, and maybe one or two uses. But it's definitely not at an airport. I'm saying this for two reasons.

The first one seems open but was ignored. If you ask some of these people, I guarantee you they'il say it's a convenience to pass through security. This amazes me! You want to tell me you want to go barefoot the same way thousands of people trudge every day. Imagine, how long ago did you walk with your perfect bare feet, athlete's foot, nail fungus, wart or meat-eating bacteria? (Okay, not a lot of meat-eating, but you've made a point … very frightening bad things.) How often do they close safety lines to provide a good scrubbing to the floor? Ten times? Five? Not once? Unlikely!! Put people in socks. Most of the time, when you wear tennis shoes, you already know that you slide them without crying, right?

Second, with the amount of walking at airports, wearing shoes without support or protection is the right thing. With all the people at the airports, do you want your traveling companion to step on his unprotected foot, or do you want the shoe to be cushioned? It's not just for airports. The same applies to shopping malls, Disney World, Six Flags and many other places you can think of.

My wife and I remember when we took our baby lessons before our son was born. It was clear that the pediatrician's wife (mine) was the only woman in her class who did not wear slippers. Coincidentally, she was also the only woman who did not complain of foot pain. Ladies, I understand they're cute and everyone wears them. Is this important when you have to sit or limp?

The effectiveness of your shoes should go hand in hand. If you need to go barefoot, be sure to protect your feet. Do you walk a lot? Wear more supportive shoes. Go out for dinner and dance? It's time to break the cute shoes.


Exploring Poland and Belgium


My trip to Poland was the best trip I've ever made. When I was studying abroad, I knew that one of my first plans came to Poland. After I found out that I still had my family living there, I knew I had to experience my family's life for myself.

At that time my roommate and I initially flew to Krakow in Poland. Then we got caught from my distant cousin, and I drove him a few miles, he showed me the city and his house for a few nights. It was everything I expected and more. We were treated like a kingdom, how my grandfather treated me when I visited their home. The next two days were full of places to visit the popular Salt Mines and to visit Krakow.

A few days later we boarded a bus to Zakopane, Poland. I stayed here with cousins ​​further away from my father's family My experience in Zakopane was surreal. I began to see my father's house and where he lived and went to school. At dinner, I had the chance to sit at the dining table with my family and feast on amazing homemade meals. Before going back to the airport, we spent some time finding one of the most beautiful natural lakes embedded in the mountains and hiking. It was a great end to my trip to Poland. I just hope to visit there again soon.

To start with, our flight to Brussels was not ideal for a group of inexperienced travelers. We flew from Bucharest, Romania in an early flight departing at 6:30 in the morning. If you were wondering, we had to be awake and ready to leave our enemy around 3 o'clock, then we had to find our bus which was about to arrive on time to get to the airport. You can only imagine some of the feelings and attitudes that exist among my friends. But for me, I look forward to Belgian waffles, French fries and of course beer.

We usually arrive at the airport in time for a quick flight to Brussels airport. Now the only problem was to find transportation to the city center, so we were able to get to the fun things I mentioned earlier. Can you tell us how well we planned this trip? Fortunately, everything worked in our favor. After our flights, we found a cheap bus ticket that took us to our storage lockers. The first thing we walked in was a quirky flea market outside a train station. A short walk from here we reached the Grand Place, the heart of Brussels city center. It was great to see the buildings and monuments. After taking pictures of the sights there, it was time for the famous Belgian waffles. Belgian waffle shops are located in every corner of the Grand Place. The enamel was filled with brown sugar and Nutella. The city is also full of Belgian-style beer bars, chocolate shops and French fries. I didn't know that French fries in Brussels are very popular, but they are served in a paper cone with your choice of more than 20 different sauces. We wandered the streets, enjoyed our time at the Christmas festival and admired the beautiful buildings.


Delta Air Lines History and TriStar Fleet


Delta, the oldest passenger airline available, followed its roots back to 1925 and, in the first form, operated the crop dusting services with Petrel 31 as Huff Daland Dusters. He named it the first specially designed agricultural plane, the Hedgehog. Protect cocoon beetles from cotton fields in the south of the United States.

Three years later, independence and the Delta Air Service placed the fledgling concern on the brink of gradual growth.

A low, four-route route network enabled Dallas, Shreveport, Monroe and Jackson to serve from June 17, 1929.

Ten years later, Lockheed bought the L-10A Electra and Douglas DC-3 cabin airplanes from Savannah, Knoxville and Cincinnati, and from Chicago to Miami in 1946 through these cities. received an award though. An additional goal in Charleston.

Larger, faster and more advanced four-engine piston liners improved the image; Douglas DC-4 replaces DC-3 in the Midwest-Florida study, DC-6 replaces DC-4 in December 1948 and the DC-7 is replaced on April 1, 1954. .

Its coverage increased significantly after four years, coupled with Chicago and the Southern on May 1.

Delta entered the jet age on September 18, 1959 with Douglas DC-8-10, followed by the Convair CV-880 in the short-to-medium sectors less than a year later. Despite the speed advantage achieved with Rolls Royce Conway engines, it was both shattered and thirsty.

A southern route authority granted in 1962 elevated Delta to transcontinental carrier status and enabled it to operate from Dallas to Los Angeles and San Francisco. Other service extensions include those from Atlanta to Jacksonville and Orlando, and to Phoenix and Las Vegas. Like the East, however, it remained mainly as an East Coast airline.

In 1965, the DC-8 and CV-880 were replaced by the Douglas DC-9 dual-jet in the short-range, low-capacity US domestic sectors, offering a very large and more-range.

The broader period of the carrier was beginning with the McDonnell-Douglas DC-10-10 to provide the necessary capacity to provide the required capacity during the Lockheed L-1011 delivery delays two years later in 1970 at the beginning of the next decade. .

Boeing purchased 727-100 tri-jets, which bought Northeast Airlines on August 1, 1972, to obtain highly demanding solar routes, and served from Miami to Montreal and Boston to the Bahamas. in Bermuda and Nassau and Freeport was able to count. network.

Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Dallas / Ft. A decade later, Worth is the third largest carrier to carry 34.7 million passengers in Fort Lauderdale, Memphis, New Orleans, New York and Tampa, Delta, 1979, and to 1300 flights daily to 80 destinations in the United States, Canada, Bermuda. carrier. , Bahamas, Puerto Rico, United Kingdom and West Germany. The motto is, "Delta is ready when you are" suitably.

Pan Am's growth has accelerated exponentially with European routes and Western Airlines' purchases. The system made more than 1,200 take-offs of 380 aircraft in 42 US states, the Columbia Region, Puerto Rico and 11 foreign countries, as evidenced by the volume's 433-page 1 July 1988 edition of the timeline. Mainly located in Atlanta, Cincinnati, Dallas, Los Angeles and Salt Lake City centers include Canada, Bermuda, Bahamas, Mexico, Ireland, Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Korea and Taiwan.

The highly mixed fleet of Boeing, Lockheed and McDonnell-Douglas included 727-200s (12 first class and 136 passenger bus passengers), DC-9-30s (12F and 86Y), 737-200s (12F and 95Y or 8F and 107Y). DC-10-10s (36F and 248Y), L-1011-1s, -250s and -500s (32F and 270Y, 12F, 54C and 203Y, 12F, 40C and 189Y) and 18F, 64C and 140Y) , MD-88s (14F and 128Y), 737-300s (8F and 120Y), 757-200s (16F and 171Y), 767-200s (18F and 186Y), 767-300s (24F and 230Y) and DC-8-71s (18F and 194Y).

The emphasis was on the minimum number of aircraft types to reduce fleet standardization and crew training, maintenance and spare parts stocks, but the emerging megacarriers & continents and continents from the 100-kilometer feeder sector, such as the Delta, which, by definition, serve each route length and density. An integrated airline had to do the work of many people: suburban, major regional, US citizen, major and megacarrier.

As a result, the four major US regions operating as Delta Connection have made a total of 3,900 daily departures over and above the Delta mainline flights to 240 cities and the DHC-7, SD3-60, EMB-120 and EMB-110 & apos; 27 with Business Express, SD3-60, S-340 and B1900), S-340 with Comair, Fairchild Swearingen Metros and EMB-110 and EMB-120s with Skywest and Swearingen Metros.

Delta, the world's largest TriStar operator with three versions and two sub-variants, described it as the “queen of the fleet ver and placed its first order to the 24 L-1011-s to complement its existing DC-8 in 1968. Nevertheless, to offer extended, broader user convenience and quieter, more efficient, more efficient bypass-rate turbobanes, advertising on one occasion, "the spectacular new $ 18 million TriStar, the newest member of Delta Air Lines' wide driving fleet." The rival DC-10-10 abandoned most of its other US carrier competitors, including America, Europe, National, Northwest, America and the West.

Due to the end of the bankruptcy program, Rolls Royce forced five McDonnell-Douglas machine parts to run intermittently, ultimately being sold back to the United States, even though it was rented back in 1972-1975. told. Their capacity increased the demand.

The first L-1011-1 registered to the N701DA is configured for 50 first and 200 passengers. However, between the years 1973 and 1983, 40 more acquisitions were just the beginning of a kind of history that proved to be synonymous with the Atlanta-based operator.

As the route system consisted mainly of short to medium range sectors, it passed through the air for about two hours at a time, connecting less than 1000 miles of cities.

It was supported by two L-1011-100 hired from TWA, from Atlanta to London-Gatwick, which exceeded the range of the first transatlantic route award, and eventually settled in Frankfurt and Tokyo.

In 1980 it received the delivery of three intercontinental L-1011-500s.

The used TriStar purchase program was comprehensive. Fourteen L-1011-500 (six from Air Canada, three from Pan Am, and five from United) were purchased between 1984 and 1992, and ten L-1011-1's East & West. It was purchased between 1991 and 1992.

In addition to renting two L-1011-200s powered by RB.211-524B engines, it changed an L-1011-1 to -200 standard and the remaining six to -250 configurations, enabling each of them to operate longer-range sectors.

In the summer of 1992, which served as a means of serving European transatlantic routes from Pan Am, up to 80 flights daily, the -500-type regularly made 5,774 miles of Anchorage-Hong Kong-Pacific crossing. The Longest.

Although budget constraints prevented Lockheed from proposing things that could replace the exact change in the stretched L-1011-400 format, it continued to determine this type of Delta's route system until the end of 2000, when only a 30-day flight was counted for the TriStar service. Boeing 767-200, -300 and -400 and MD-11, perhaps progressive changes that have emerged as McDonnell-Douglas' superior victory for Lockheed.

Delivered for the first time in November 1979, the L-1011-1 aircraft N728DA made its last scheduled flight from Atlanta to Atlanta and on July 31, 2001, after contact with Georgia soil. Couple is back taking water polo salute. During his career he had flown nearly 31,000 flight cycles, 66,000 hours and more than 27 million miles.

At the end of the Delta, 70 TriStar of all versions it operated for more than a quarter century represented 30 percent of Lockheed's total production process.


Balloon flights across Norfolk


The rolling countryside, cut with charming waterways, historic towns and iconic architecture, makes Norfolk a great contrast. A hot air balloon ride through Norfolk provides the perfect opportunity to see this scenic area from a completely new perspective – or more specifically from 5,000 meters above all.

Norfolk, the focal point of East Anglia, is enriched with many examples of architecture and natural glow that make the county a popular tourist destination in England. Dunston Hall is a red-brick country house hotel situated in a beautiful 150-acre parkland and south of Norwich, and is the perfect location to start your trip with a hot air balloon.

As you begin to drift north, you can soon discover Norwich, a city with a modern sophisticated effect and a cityscape dominating the medieval wonder. With the second tallest tower in the country, Norwich Cathedral is only one of the city's glorious medieval history. Built as a royal palace, Norwich Castle now houses the finest collections of fine arts, archeology and natural history. The Forum, which opened in 2001, was the Millennium project, a beautiful piece of contemporary architecture and a landmark in the east of England. The Forum, home to the Millennium Library, local media publishers, and Europe's largest permanent digital display gallery, is a modern center for all those visiting the city.

If you continue to the north of Norfolk, one of the highlights is Blickerling Hall, a picturesque 17th century Jacobean house with spectacular parkland and lake features. It is possible to discover many monuments for the Second World War scattered throughout the county and several US Air Force air bases and strategic pill boxes built to help protect the country against foreign invasions.

Another place where the population started is the historical market town of Wymondham. You may have the opportunity to watch the steam locomotive with bullets in the rural area in the middle of the railway station in the middle of Norfolk and the house of the train station used in my father's army in the classic television series.

If your journey takes you east of Norwich, passengers will be able to capture the countryside views of the country covered by Norfolk Broads. Consisting of about 40 large areas filled with water and connected with 200km river, shallow lake, woodland, grassland and grazing marshes; Norfolk Broads offers many memorable attractions to look at from above. Flights can follow the Bure River, crossing the pretty countryside, such as Coltishall and Horning, to the exciting coastal town of Great Yarmouth. Most of the Norfolk coastline has been designated as a magnet for those who want to escape the hustle and bustle of modern life and the Superior Natural Beauty Area.

Norfolk is a county full of history and culture for centuries, with lively cities and villages with natural waterways, woodlands and miles of miles of spectacular coastline.

No two balloon flights are the same, so it really depends on the wind (with a little help from the wind), where you're going to fly and where you'll see, chimneys or prairies. Don't forget to take your camera, binoculars or camera to capture the magic of the balloon flight experience.


Free Travel?


Is it possible to travel for free? I'm sure you or someone you know has asked that question before. I mean, how cool it would be if you could travel the world for free. This is probably the best way to have a job that allows you to travel or to travel. After all, I don't think it's possible to travel completely free if you don't have a billionaire friend or a foundation fund. Although it is not possible to travel completely free, you can approach quite stinking. So how can you travel for free or very close to it? All right, let's look at some of the biggest expenses of a trip and see how we can reduce them.

Undoubtedly, the biggest expense in travel is airfare, and if you're not a flight attendant or unless you're probably married, you can probably get a cheaper flight ticket. The best way to get a cheaper ticket is to use a low cost carrier, so next time you want to travel, see if you can search for some low cost carriers and make a deal. The next biggest charge on a trip is accommodation, but there are some great ways to skip it. The best way to skip accommodation costs and even food is a job in the accommodation trade.

You may find it difficult to find such deals, but there are many websites that can help you, such as workaway.info or WWOOF. These websites allow volunteers or employees to stay in touch with people who want to work for free accommodation. Another way to skip accommodation costs is if you use a website like couchsurfing.org. This website allows you to contact the host who has extra rooms in their home and will allow you to stay free of charge. This allows you to make new friends and meet great people. The only drawback is that such options are for shorter periods of time; for example, most do not last longer than a week.

So now the biggest expense in the slot will be food to get cheap flights and cheap or free accommodation. Your food will be processed in some of the job exchange programs, but sometimes let's not look at how you can afford to eat. Stop eating! You don't have to stop completely anymore, but maybe set a reasonable limit to yourself once a week. Food is a huge expense and a cost that can be easily mitigated if you control yourself a bit. It's much cheaper than eating out and going out every day to buy local dishes and cook yourself. I can hear some of you complaining, "I'm on vacation, I don't want to cook for myself." Whether you cook for yourself, you can go on holiday once a year, or you can cook some of your own meals and you will go twice a year, the choice is yours. And you wanna go on vacation? Therefore, even if you are not always able to cook for yourself, especially if you are staying in a hostel or someone else's home, you can often do so. So suck and cook some food.

Now that you know how much the top three expenses are traveling and how to cut them down, you're ready to go there and go to Go World Travel!


Escape from Mouse Race in Balloon Flight


Life is an agony, no escape from it. The press is full of condemnation and sadness about the recession and the decline in house prices and job losses, and we need to keep our British hard top lip without worry and drowning in towels.

It is not easy to take a foreign holiday to remove blues. To this end, people are looking for more creative ways to take a break from the rat race. Before you think about saving your hard-earned money for an expensive foreign holiday, first consider what this country can offer and what it thinks out of the box.

Just look a little higher after considering the local area and what facilities are around. Balloon flights may not be in your mind, but this is remarkable when it comes to putting life into perspective and injecting a little adventure into your days.

Balloon flights truly offer a lifetime of adventure at your doorstep. It may sound extreme, but take a moment to think.

A dawn balloon flight will see you reach the departure point in the midst of anticipation and anticipation air. You will climb to your basket and when you get it you will hear the roar, you will be moved to the sky in a way that has never happened before in the sky and it is all against nature and you reach up, up and away.

Once in the sky you'll travel at the same speed as the breeze, which means you won't feel it. The weather will still feel, you will see the sunrise from the most impressive point and you will barely hear a sound.

You'll look at the countryside, meet color and life, walk around towns and cities, look at the rat race, and get tired of how quickly everyone will look like junk work. There's no such thing as putting things in perspective!

You can even fly a balloon at sunset. Many features will be the same, except for the view of a summer sun setting with numerous colors and an elegant and warmer weather. This is a perfect way to end a day, especially if you are trying to impress a loved one and many people have chosen to offer such a place.

A balloon flight makes a perfect romantic trip. Only you and your spouse and balloon pilot can make a special ride. Take the champagne and just enjoy the moment.

Some companies like to use hot air balloons for corporate events. Taking you to a prospective customer who can bring great things on a balloon flight while negotiating, keeps their heads away from anything else and gives you the freedom to get on the field without stress and interruptions in an office.

It is also an ideal and different method for family reunion. Get together at the departure point and put your plane in a big basket and catch the events of everyone's life. Again, a great way to get away from distractions every day.


Tips for Visitors to Argentina


Argentina is a wonderful country and was recently chosen as a popular travel destination. Since I had a lot of experience visiting Argentina (my wife comes from there), I thought I'd share some basic tips to make your visit softer.

1. If you travel from the United States of America, there are 9 daily flights from Buenos Aires to various US cities:

– American from New York City.

-American, LAN from Aerolineas Argentinas and Miami

– Continents from Houston.

-American Dallas

– Dita from Tatel

from Washington

2. When you go, you will probably visit more than Buenos Aires. Aerolineas Argentinas and LAN offer a variety of domestic flights throughout the country. Please note that there are different baggage restrictions in your country than you do on an international flight traveling through Argentina. Both companies have no limit on the amount of checked bags you have, but the total weight of all checked bags cannot exceed 15 kilos (or about 33 pounds).

3. The official currency in Argentina is the Argentine Peso. It comes in banknotes of 2, 5, 10 and 20, 50 and 100 dollars. Coins are .05, .10, .25, .50 and $ 1. The exchange rate normally ranges between $ 3.50 and $ 3.90 between the Argentine Peso and the US dollar.

4. Tourist visas are not required for European and American visitors, but be sure to apply to the Argentine Consulate before traveling. There are rumors that Argentines will be able to charge tourist visas for Americans in the future in response to the need to pay visas to obtain a visa to the United States.

5. If you are a tourist and go shopping while visiting Argentina, look for shops that show the blue and gray Tax Free Shopping label. Under this system, you can get a tax refund for goods made in Argentina that are valued in the Argentine Peso over $ 70. Ask for a tax-free receipt and request a refund at the international airport when you return home or by mail upon arrival. The VAT tax on which you will receive a refund is currently 21%.

6. The electrical system in the country works with 220 watts, 50hg plugs, so be sure to bring adapter adapters or transformers if you don't already have electrical appliances.

7. When visiting Argentina, tipping is normally around 10% for services such as food and bar tabs. If you participate in guided tours, if you are satisfied with the service, feel free to turn them into $ 20 pesos. Taxi drivers do not normally expect tips, but most people approach the nearest peso because coins can be difficult to arrive.

I hope this information has been useful to you and you can have a great time while visiting Argentina. People are great there.


An Overview of the City's History


Lagos, a modern metropolis, is now Lagos' main commercial and financial center. Lagos is one of the most populous and modern places in the world; there are plenty of cheap flights to Lagos and are heavily booked. According to the growth layers of various cities around the world, Lagos is ranked number seven and is growing rapidly. The old name of the city was Eko and the locals or residents of Lagos were called Yoruba.

Lagos held a very important place in the African history book, and the modern name of Lagos was given by the Portuguese, and the word Lagos means connection between land and the sea. Geographically, the place is famous for its lush beaches, natural areas and landscapes, as it is one of the best known places in the world making cheap flights to Lagos, emphasizing its inner meanings. then it moved here and now years have passed.

The first connection by the Portuguese here was with a great explorer Rui de Sequeria, who visited here in 1472 and called the city Lago de Curami. And from the early 1400s to the late 1800s, the city faced the darkest aspect in the history of the slavery trade. Later, this trade was banned, and the state is now one of the most thriving cities in the world, where a lush metropolis and people love to travel for leisure and entertainment. Every year, people make cheap flights to Lagos with their families and enjoy their travels and history in the most wonderful way.

Despite tourism, Lagos serves as a major trade center where all major import and export trade is carried out, thus providing a great opportunity for foreign business travelers to book cheap flights to Lagos and visit this excellent place to grow their business. The job opportunities here are numerous and one can easily feed the relevant cause.


Hiking the "W" Circuit in Torres del Paine National Park – Patagonia-Chile


A hiking trip at the end of the world is not something I would normally consider. I am a girly girl whose ears perk up at the mention of booking a “spa” or a “villa” rather than doing “rugged mountain hiking.” The luxury travel magazines Travel & Leisure and Departures are my vacation planning sources. Nonetheless, my tennis partner and good friend, Donna, had planned a trip to Patagonia to celebrate her birthday and insisted I do something new and different for my next vacation. Always up for an adventure, I agreed to tag along.

Two months later I found myself on a 10-hour flight from Dallas to Santiago: the first leg of a trip that would end at Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonia, Chile. Torres del Paine is a spectacular, unspoiled national park boasting a breathtaking mountain range, azure lakes, and magnificent flora and fauna. Located 1,000 miles north of Antarctica, the park attracts tourists from all over the world.

I didn’t have time to do much research about the trip and had envisioned the hike to be filled with rolling hills and gentle sloping paths set with a spectacular mountain view. The Sound of Music comes to mind. However, instead of a relaxing walk through nature, the “W” Circuit (named based on the shape of the trail) was a truly challenging hike covering over 30 miles of territory in only four days. It was to be a grueling trip for a first-time hiker.

The rugged terrain and long hiking days were not the only challenges. Patagonia’s remote location meant there were no TV, radio, and phone or email access available. Having zero communication with the outside world was daunting, at first, but soon became one of the most alluring aspects of the destination. Our entertainment was the untarnished beauty of the region. Pure glacier-fed springs with fresh water and magnificent mountains revealed nature at its best.

After a layover in Santiago, the capital of Chile, we took a four-hour flight to Punta Arenas, the southernmost city in the geographically long and skinny Chilean countryside. We stayed a night here before driving three hours to Puerto Natales, Chile, a small town that serves as the gateway to Torres del Paine National Park. Here travelers stock up on food and camping supplies before heading into the park. Our group had food and lodging supplied for us since we had decided to take a small hiking tour arranged by an American adventure travel company that specializes in South American treks.

The first day was a four-hour boat ride into the park where we viewed a colony of condors, sea lions, massive glaciers, and an authentic estancia before stopping for lunch. After lunch was the much-anticipated two-hour zodiac boat ride taking us deep into the park and offering unsurpassed views of Cuernos del Paine, a part of a magnificent mountain range. It was beautiful ride but bone-chilling cold. Even the immense parkas the guides wrapped us in were not enough for the sharp Patagonian rain and winds in the open boat. And, there are no bathrooms on zodiacs. I found that out the hard way.

After our zodiac trip ended, we were taken to our first night at Eco Camp, environment-friendly accommodations comprised of private tents with two twin beds but no heat. Clean bathrooms with hot showers and delicious meals were provided. Here we met the other members of the hiking group: two ladies from Pittsburgh in their mid-50’s, and a young couple from Tampa. Everyone was a seasoned hiker with the exception of myself. We chatted over a hearty dinner and went to bed early for good night’s rest before the first hiking day.

Glorious blue skies, warm temperatures and a gentle breeze welcomed us to our first day of hiking along the shores of Lake Nordenskjold. I was advised this five-hour trek would be the easiest with rolling hills and only a few steep ascents. The azure blue water of this dazzling lake was my constant companion as I hiked along its path to our destination at Cuernos Lodge. It was a beautifully quiet day where nature was picture-perfect.

Cuernos Lodge was the first time I had stayed at a hostel. Each traveler is given a sleeping bag and a bunk bed in a room with eight hikers. No thought is given to gender or nationality. You just grab a bunk and hit hay. The lower bunks always get snatched up quickly as hikers are exhausted from the trek and don’t want to climb one more thing at the day’s end. I even politely asked a flirtatious German man to switch bunks with me as I was afraid of heights and received a solid “no way”. It was everyman for himself.

The next day we rose early to begin a challenging ten-hour hike that runs along the base of Cuernos del Paine, which are tremendous granite towers in the middle of this circuit, into the French Valley. It snowed all day making the hike beautiful but a bit treacherous in places. Covered in layers upon layers of clothing, toting a heavy backpack, and walking in a line of similarly clad travelers made me feel as if I was part of an Everest Expedition. We hiked all morning until lunchtime where we sat in the snow to eat. Ravenous from the difficult trek I polished off two huge sandwiches in less than five minutes. After lunch we had five more hours of hiking. We all collapsed exhausted at Camp Pehoe at nightfall.

The third day took us through the Wind Valley and to the base of Grey Glacier. Unbelievable 45mph gusts of wind made the trek difficult. It was like hiking against a wall of hurricane-force wind. The ever-changing weather in Patagonia could be discussed at length but suffice it to say that in a brief span of our four-day trek we experienced everything Mother Nature could throw our way: bright sunshine and warm temperatures of 65 degrees, followed by temperatures plummeting to the 30’s with snow, rain and winds close to 45 miles per hour. Travelers should bring all waterproof gear for the hike and dress in layers as the daily temperatures vary greatly in this part of the world.

On our final day we left Eco-Camp and headed to the base of Torres, one of the most popular viewpoints on the circuit. The challenging ten-hour hiking day began with bright, sunny skies as we hiked from Eco-Camp to the Chilean Camp where we stopped for a quick rest. Hours later we found ourselves at the bottom of what some refer to as Boulder City: a seemingly endless expanse of large rock boulders heading upwards. At the top of the boulder field, far, far away a saw a speck of a man. “We’re going there?” I asked my guide in disbelief. I could not believe the trek that lay ahead. As I took the slow climb up, I found myself shedding layer up layer of clothing as my heart rate increased from the difficult climb. I crouched low and steadily moved from rock to rock. At last I reached the top to glimpse the massive towers in the distance. I felt truly insignificant compared to the majestic mountains surrounding us, and enjoyed the feeling.

Back at Eco-Camp we all celebrated by sipping on Pisco Sours, the country’s national beverage made of pisco brandy sugar and lemon juice, and discussed the trip. While some felt a great sense of accomplishment for completing the circuit, I simply enjoyed the fact that I had made it to the end in one piece. My friends congratulated me on successfully completing my first hiking trip and prodded me to join them again on a future trip in a new destination. Everest anyone?


Trip Tips:

Come equipped with waterproof gear, comfortable hiking boots, wool hat and gloves, water bottle, sunscreen and wind-resistant gear for the regions inclement weather

Plan your trip in Spring/Summer (November – March) when the temperature in Patagonia is mild in comparison to its intense winters.