How to Get to Siberia by Air


The vast majority of travelers fly to Siberia from one of the three major international airports. Visitors from the eastern coast of America and European travelers often pass through Moscow or St Petersburg. If you come from Asia or Oceania, flying from Beijing may also be a good option. You may also consider Bangkok as a good Hub; There are seasonal flights to many Siberian cities from Bangkok.

Moscow has daily flights to all destinations – Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Ulan-Ude, Irkutsk, Yakutsk and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. These cities can also be reached by direct flights from St Petersburg and Beijing, but flights may be less or seasonal. Most routes are Russia's two largest airlines, Aeroflot and S7-SIberian. You can check routes and schedules and book tickets online.

Russian airlines have done a great job updating their fleets, upgrading new planes and increasing the level of service we are used to in the western world.

As Siberia continues to expand its trade and tourism industries, more and more options are available to fly to Siberia.

It is becoming a major international transit hub with the S7 offering direct flights to Novosibirsk, Frankfurt, Dubai, Hong Kong and Bangkok. From Novosibirsk you can fly to almost any major city and to smaller places in Siberia.

The team S7 (Siberian Airlines) shows that they can reach any city in Russia.

In the background, there are many plans to turn Siberian airports into major stops for all international flights between Europe and Asia. Another advantage of having major airport hubs in cities like novosibirsk in the heart of Siberia is the fact that airlines can fly through the north pole, saving flight time and of course Fuel.

Some examples of such routes may be direct flights from North America to major destinations in Siberia; from there it connects to south asia and the like. Nevertheless, Siberia has a great connection between Europe and Asia and is becoming a fast logistics hub in every respect.

They expect to reach Siberia, to travel to most regions and to pay for it because of the increase in their income, as the Russian people in Siberia increase the demand for seeing the world. increased logistics behind demand.

Siberia is 1.5 times the size of the US and has unique attractions, Adventure travel, Divers culture (40 different indigenous cultures).


Low Cost Airlines Flight Information


Low Cost Airlines Flight Information offers information on cheap flights from different airlines operating by the world. Cheap airfare prices make them popular with travelers on a projected budget. Flight information for low-cost airlines will help you plan your trip in advance and book flights accordingly.

The following is the flight information for low cost airlines around the world:

Operating since 1971, Southwest Airlines is one of the most popular airlines offering flights connecting all major regions of the United States. Southwest Airlines' 64 destinations include Birmingham, Los Angeles, Orlando, Chicago, Detroit, New Orleans, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Albany, Oklahoma City, Dallas, Nashville, Washington DC and so on.

Volaris, a joint effort between Discovery Americas I and TACA, is one of the newest airlines operating in Mexico. The main hub of airlines is Mexico City International Airport. Volaris flights to Baja California, Campeche, Aguascalientes, Guerrero, Chiapas, Jalisco, Guanajuato and others.

Founded in 1997, Allegiant Air operates scheduled and charter flights in the center of Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. One of America's popular airlines, Allegiant Air flies to places such as San Diego, Mesa, San Francisco, Colorado Springs, Santa Maria, Idaho Falls, Orlando, Green Bay, McAllen, Knoxville and others.

Tiger Airways, an airline operating from Singapore, has regular international flights to various parts of the world. Weekly flights vary from 3 to 100 flights. Tiger Airways' destinations include India, Australia, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia and so on.

Low Cost Airlines flight information makes it easy to plan your trip. Numerous low-cost airlines around the world, including Southwest Airlines, Volaris, Allegiant Air and Tiger Airways, offer cheap flights to various destinations worldwide.


Top Airlines Flying to the US


Delta Airlines

Delta Air Lines is a large American airline based in Atlanta, Georgia, which operates an extensive internal and external network. Delta offers flights from London Gatwick, Manchester, Edinburgh, Dublin and Shannon to their main hubs in New York JFK, Cincinnati and Atlanta.


Continental Airlines, headquartered in Houston, Texas, is the fourth largest airline in the United States.

The airline flies from Newark and Houston to all major UK airports such as London Gatwick, Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dublin, Belfast and Shannon.

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Richard Branson's Virgin airline operates long-distance routes between England and North America from its home base in London Heathrow. The airline has smaller bases at London Gatwick and Manchester Airport. Virgin's flights to the US include Newark International Airport, New York JFK, Baltimore, Washington Dulles, Boston, Chicago, Miami, Orlando, Las Vegas, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

American Airlines

AA, the largest airline in the United States, is located in Fort Worth, Texas, adjacent to Dallas / Fort Worth International Airport. American, London, Manchester and Dublin, Boston, New York JFK, Chicago, Raleigh / Durham, Dallas, Miami and Los Angeles are scheduled.

British Airlines

The British flag carrier has a large number of international flights from the UK to the United States. Airlines is one of the preferred airlines to fly from London to New York JFK, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington Dulles, Atlanta, Orlando, Los Angeles and many other countries. British Airways also offers flights to Canada, including international airports in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver.


America's Pride – Delta Airlines and Sun Country Airlines


Traveling on cheaper Delta Airlines has been easier than ever, and traveling with Delta Airlines has gained prestige in recent years. Perhaps this has to do with Delta's glorious history and tradition of providing excellent service and comfort to its passengers. It was originally established as a crop pollination operation and started passenger service under its present name in 1929. Since then, he has spread his services to various locations, both domestic and international. It currently serves 319 destinations and has found a place in the airline industry flying over the American sky.

At Delta Airlines reservations, you can be sure that you expect the best from your flight experience, regardless of where you are going. In-flight Wi-Fi connectivity allows you to lean on high-quality seats, specially designed to give you the most relaxing experience you can hope for, and connect with family and business partners. Electrical outlets are available to charge your electronic devices; Flight entertainment includes a wide range of movies, TV shows, music and games that can definitely prevent creep. In-flight dining and free drinks will damage your enjoyment and provide a gastronomic extravaganza!

On the other hand, if you touch Sun Country travel deals, then you'll be happy to learn that the airline's recent collapse date, and ultimately recovery, is booming literally. Founded in 1982, Sun Country's main task was to ferry residents of the state of Minnesota by ferry to warm places (such as Dallas and Miami) during the winter months. Continuous growth has enabled Sun Country to serve more than 40 locations in the United States, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. Surviving the bankruptcy in the 2000s, today Sun Country is one of the most profitable carriers in the United States.

When booking Sun Country Airlines reservations, use the first-class services that allow you to travel comfortably and comfortably, with extra leg room and comfortable seats that allow you to relax in your spare time and let you enjoy your flight. In-flight entertainment lets you enter a wide range of movies, TV shows and music tracks. If that is not enough, you can enjoy the best flight tools and free alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.

Therefore, which airline you choose for your next trip depends on which flight experience you prefer. In any case, both carriers offer exciting last-minute flight deals for all destinations. So what are you waiting for? Gather your luggage and explore incredible opportunities, and travel comfortably and get the most out of your light by traveling using these two exemplary airline services that continue to serve travelers and carry them to their destinations. be it domestic or international big cities.


How to Get Cheap Travel Packages


The Direct Way Is Not Always The Cheapest

In most cases, it doesn't seem to rhyme or explain why airline tickets work. There are seasonal changes, time changes, demand-dependent changes, and then seem to be changes for no reason. When looking for discounted flights, look for alternative routes to get to where you need to go. In most cases, a combination of 2 flights can be cheaper than a flight.

This usually works by taking advantage of very low-cost domestic tickets within the US. For example, a return flight from New York to Montreal, such as the Best Western Europa, a central city in the United States, which is about an hour's journey in the center of Canada, is usually around $ 300. You can find a return flight from NY to Los Angeles for almost the same price. The issue is that the reasons have to do with traffic, policies and taxes, household flights are considerably cheaper than miles.

Therefore, depending on where you want to go, you may come across your flight tickets if you are willing to fly home first before you move to an overseas country. For example, if you live in North America and want to go to Latin or South America, it will eventually be much cheaper to go first on a local flight to the south center, including Miami or Dallas, then fly and then fly. From there, take a long journey further south, directly from a city in the north. When exploring multiple flights, also keep in mind how close you can be to a major airline hub – it would be much more expensive to fly directly from a more compact city from the world to fly to an important hub. First.

In most cases, if you are willing to give up the mild discomfort of the two arrivals, you may have discount trips. Remember, many discounted flight websites don't search that way because they come, so you'll have to do some creative thinking for yourself.

Eat locally

A frequently overlooked key to reducing price travel is food costs, which can be substantially reduced from buying at local markets rather than at food costs. If you don't understand it often, you'll benefit from a currency conversion that will be available to tourists at most places and where you'll leave $ 10 for a bad dinner at your hotel. Instead, buy healthy snakes and fresh food from a market that you can consume on your trips. This doesn't necessarily mean that you have to cook – instead of just stepping down for lunch at the tourist restaurant, you'll have to get something fresh to eat on the go.


Mexican Retirement Communities – Transportation to Cozumel Island


Cozumel estate is located on an island in unique condition; this may raise concerns for property buyers about transport to and from the island, while transport is readily available at reasonable prices. Most importantly, the island itself offers complete services, amenities and products that make it the best choice among Mexican pension communities.
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Located on an island, Cozumel’s international airport provides most of the transportation needed by retirees and other residents. For example, in the last week of June 2010, the airport received 37 international flights carrying a total of 5,550 passengers, including both tourists and residents of the island.
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Some of the targets are Atlanta, Houston, Chicago, Dallas, Charlotte and Toronto; these are just a few of the places where direct flights are offered. Direct return flights to many parts of North America can be connected for as little as $ 600 and as low as $ 400.
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Flights at reasonable prices are also available in many parts of Mexico and many other international destinations. Cheap flights to the nearby cities of Cancun and Merida are also easily available. If you are on the mainland, a wider range of flights from Cancun also offers affordable options.
Flying is not the only way in and out of the island; The ferry to Playa del Carmen runs most of the hours per hour and runs just over $ 10 (in one direction). With relatively low-priced taxis from Playa del Carmen, car hire and tour buses can be used to roam the mainland of Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula.
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Although there is easy access to the island, Cozumel itself offers complete services for the retirement community. In fact, boat lovers may want to take advantage of marina services to sail to the mainland or take a longer tour. Golf is also available in Cozumel and many communities offer opportunities for tennis and other sports.
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With its beautiful, traditional Mexican town center, many Mayan pyramid sites and the beautiful nature around it, those who enjoy retirement here are worth a visit without ever getting bored of the atmosphere that plays such an important role. relaxation. And of course, there are always shafts and shafts of the wide beaches to enjoy!
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Southwest Airlines Operations – A Strategic Overview



Southwest Airlines is the largest airline in the United States, measured by the number of passengers transported each year. You can also use the & # 39; discount airline & # 39; & # 146; Compared to the major competitors in the industry. Rollin King and Herb Kelleher founded Southwest Airlines on June 18, 1971.
Their first flight was from Love Field in Dallas to Houston and San Antonio, and there were short jumps with unrestricted service and a simple fare structure. The airline started with one simple strategy: & # 39; # If you bring your passengers to their destination when they want to go there at the lowest possible price, and make sure they have a good time doing it, people fly the airline.
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& # 148; This approach has been key to the success of the Southwest. The Southwest currently serves 71 million passengers (in 2004) and 60 cities (in 31 states) with a total operating income of $ 6.5 billion. Southwest, open to the public & # 147; LUV & # 148; On the NYSE.
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* The first major airline to fly a uniform plane (Boeing 737s)

* The first major airline offering a ticketed travel system includes frequent schedules that depend on the number of flights and not on the number of miles traveled.

* The first airline offering profit sharing program to its employees (founded in 1973).
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* It is the first major airline that develops a website and provides online booking services. In 2001, approximately 40 percent of passenger revenue ($ 2.1 billion) was generated from online bookings at ( Southwest’s cost per booking over the Internet is approximately US $ 1, compared to the cost per booking made through travel agencies between US $ 6 and US $ 8.
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Key competitive advantages:

* Low Operating Costs / High Operating Efficiency

* Award-winning customer service

* Human Resources practices / Work culture

Transaction Analysis & # 150; Competitive Dimensions:

Southwest clearly has a significant advantage over other airlines in the industry by implementing an effective and efficient operational strategy, which is an important pillar of its overall corporate strategy. Below are some of the competitive dimensions to be discussed in this study.
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1. Operational Costs and Productivity

2. Customer Service

3. Employee / Labor Relations

4. Technology

1. Operational Costs and Productivity
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After all, the airline is in general chaos. But how does Southwest Airlines stay profitable? According to President Kelleher, Southwest Airlines has the lowest cost and strongest balance sheet in its industry. The two largest operating costs for any airline & # 150; labor costs (about 40%) followed by fuel costs (about 18%). Some other ways in which the Southwest can keep operational costs low – flying end-to-end routes, selecting secondary (smaller) airports, moving consistent airplanes, maintaining high aircraft use, promoting e-ticket sales, and so on.

Labor costs

Labor costs for the Southwest account for about 37% of operating costs. Perhaps the most critical element of the successful low-tariff airline business model is to achieve significantly higher labor productivity. According to a recent HBS Case Study, southwest airlines are the most heavily unionized & # 148; US airline (approximately 81% of its employees belong to a union) and salary rates are considered to be in the middle or above compared to the US airline industry. The advantage of low-wage carrier labor is in much more flexible working rules that allow cross-use of almost all employees (except where licensing and security standards are not permitted). A long-standing culture of cooperation between such cross-use and labor groups is turning into lower unit labor costs. In the fourth quarter of 2000, the total labor per seat mile (ASM) in the Southwest was below 25% of the United States and Americans, and below 58% of US Airlines.

Carriers, such as the Southwest, have a huge cost advantage over network airlines, as only the labor produces more output per employee. In a 2001 study, productivity of Southwest workers was above 45% from the United States and the United States, despite essentially longer flight lengths and the larger average aircraft size of these network carriers. Therefore, the Southwest can positively affect its lower incomes, with its relentless search for the lowest labor cost.

Fuel Costs

Fuel costs are the second largest expense for post-labor airlines and account for about 18 percent of the carrier’s operating costs. Airlines that want to avoid large fluctuations in operating costs and ultimately profitability prefer to be protected from fuel prices. If airlines can control fuel costs, they can more accurately estimate budgets and estimate your earnings. When increased competition and air travel became a commodity business, being competitive in price was key to the airline’s survival and success. Due to the highly competitive nature of the industry, it was difficult to pass on higher ticket costs to passengers by raising ticket prices.

Southwest has successfully implemented its fuel conservation strategy to save a significant amount of fuel expenditure and has the greatest protection position among other carriers. In the second quarter of 2005, Southwest’s unit costs fell by 3.5%, despite a 25% increase in jet fuel costs. During the fiscal year 2003, the Southwest had much lower fuel consumption (0.012 per ASM) than other airlines, with the exception of JetBlue, as shown below. In 2005, 85 percent of the airline’s fuel need was maintained at $ 26 per barrel. In August 2005, world oil prices reached $ 68 per barrel. Only in the second quarter of 2005, the Southwest saved $ 196 million in fuel. The state of the industry also shows that protected airlines have a competitive advantage over unprotected airlines. In Southwest 2003, he announced that he would add performance-enhancing Blended Wings to his current and future Boeing 737-700 fleet. Visually distinctive Winglets improve performance by increasing the range of the aircraft, saving fuel, reducing engine maintenance costs and reducing take-off noise.

Point to Point Service

Southwest operates a point-to-point flight service to maximize operational efficiency and stay cost-effective. Most of its flights have an average short range of about 590 miles. It uses the strategy to keep its flights more frequently in the air and therefore provides better capacity utilization.

Secondary Airports

Southwest flies to secondary / smaller airports to reduce travel delays and therefore provides excellent service to its customers. He pioneered the industry in time. Southwest also reduced airport operating costs better than competing airlines.

Consistent aircraft

At the heart of Southwest’s success is a single aircraft strategy: its fleet consists only of Boeing 737 jets. Having a joint fleet makes programming, operations and flight maintenance considerably easier. There is only one airplane to be learned because the training costs for pilots, ground crew and mechanics are low. Purchasing, procurement and other operations are also simplified, thus reducing costs. Consistent airplanes also enable the Southwest’s pilot team to use them more efficiently.


The idea of ​​traveling without tickets was a great advantage for the Southwest because it could reduce distribution costs. In the mid-1990s, the Southwest became electronic or non-ticketed, and today they remain 90-95% without ticket. Credit card customers are eligible for online transactions and reservations today account for approximately 65% ​​of total revenue. Gary Kelly, CEO, believes that this idea will grow even further, and he would not be surprised if e-ticket sales accounted for 75% of Southwest’s revenue by the end of 2005. In the past, when there was a 10% trip, the agency paid the commission, the reservation fee was about $ 8. Currently, however, the Southwest is paying between 50 cents and $ 1 per booking for electronic transactions, which means huge cost savings.

2. Employee and Labor Relations

Southwest has gained great importance for its innovative management style. It maintains uninterrupted focus on high-performance relationships, and human management practices have been the key to its unmatched success in the airline industry.

Statement of duty

our employees

# We are committed to providing our employees with a stable work environment that offers equal opportunities for learning and personal development. Creativity and innovation are encouraged to increase the effectiveness of Southwest Airlines. First of all, employees will be provided with the same concern, respect and care as the organization expected to share with all Southwest Customers within the organization. & # 148;

The southwest mission demonstrates a strong commitment to the company’s employees. The Company respects the employees it provides to its customers in the same way. The Southwest mission statement is unique in recognizing the importance of its employees in a broader business strategy that emphasizes superior customer service and operational efficiency. Employees respond to the respect, loyalty and trust that the Southwest has shown. Southwest employees are known for their loyalty, commitment, attitude and innovation. Employees are the distinction factor between the Southwest and the rest of the airline industry.


Southwest recruitment policy is unique not only within the airline industry but also in a wider area and revolves around finding people with the right attitude to flourish in Southwest culture. Comprehensive procedures are applied in recruitment for positive attitude and dedication. Those who do not have these qualities are extracted. Colleen Barrett, a non-operational officer in the Southwest,

& # 39; Employment is important because you cannot institutionalize your behavior. Instead, you’ll need to identify people who already implement the behaviors you’re looking for. You can then let Employees be themselves and make decisions about customer service based on their common sense and natural disposition. & # 148; one

Recruitment and interviewing in the Southwest is a two-stage process. The first step is a group interview conducted by employees to assess the communication skills of potential candidates. The next steps in this process are one-to-one interviews where candidates’ attitudes and orientations to serve others are assessed. These recruitment criteria apply to all business functions because all Employees in the Southwest seem to play a customer service role. A critical part of Southwest’s operational strategy is that every business in the Southwest is a customer service location, whether it applies directly to the customer or whether it is internal.

The table below shows that although the Southwest is the most heavily unionized airline, at about 80%, contract negotiations between trade unions and the Southwest are much shorter than other major carriers. This demonstrates the quality of Southwest’s relationship with its employees and the trade unions that represent them.


Southwest was founded as a different company and from the beginning a unique culture was nurtured. In 1990, Colleen Barrett founded the Southwest Cultural Committee. This is unique in the industry and among all the major companies. The committee also has a mission:

The purpose of this group is to help create the spirit and culture of the Southwest when necessary; enrich and make it better where it exists; and revive where it may be “flood”. In short, the aim of this group is to do “whatever it takes” to create, develop and enrich the special Southwest spirit and culture that makes such a wonderful Company / Family. & # 148;

This unique approach to company values ​​creates a culture that distinguishes itself from others. Southwest culture is the reason for its success.

3. Customer Service

Mission of Southwest Airlines

The mission of Southwest Airlines is dedication to the highest level of customer service with warmth, sincerity, individual pride and the Company Spirit.


Herb Kelleher, founder of the Southwest, says, “We are in the customer service business; we only do air transportation.” 2 Award-winning customer service is a distinctive feature of the Southwest and is built-in; “Positive Ugly Service”. This means that everyone from top to bottom is doing their best to satisfy the customer. This includes Herb Kelleher, who is known to help baggage handlers on Thanksgiving. Emphasizing the customer and employee, he emphasized that Southwest can distinguish itself from the others in the airline industry. On a more technical level, each employee or group within the Southwest has its own client. This means that each employee has the & # 146; Although it does not interfere in some way or directly with the passenger. The customer of the mechanic is a pilot and the catering is a flight attendant.


It can be said that the Southwest “Positive Ugly Service” is not the duty of a department, program or management. It is not secondary to the product; It is the product. & # 148; This approach creates conditions in which Employees are more likely to treat customers in ways that distinguish the company from others. There are a large number of passenger accounts that have been treated exceptionally by Southwest employees.

The question is, how different is Southwest’s customer service and why? Is it common to praise other airlines for their special services for their customers? That’s not the answer. There is no monopoly on people who are kind and willing to go above and beyond to please a customer, but such behavior is fed to a much greater extent in the Southwest.

It can then be concluded that customer service, which is unique to the Southwest, is part of the culture. This culture is supported by encouraging employees to make additional efforts to please the customer. This approach normally inspires people who only occasionally interrupt to help someone, perform consistently, always provide exceptional service. Southwest employees are what distinguishes customer service from other airlines.

4. Technology

Southwest uses technology in many ways to meet its business goals and maintain effective operations. According to the CEO, technology efficiency is equal. Launched in 1996, the ticketless travel was first introduced by Southwest. On May 1, 2000, Southwest Airlines introduces SW SWABIZ portal, a portal that helps company travel executives make reservations and follow-up trips through the website ( There are many new technology initiatives currently under way and some are in the pipeline.

Barcodes in Boarding Passes

Southwest Airlines has invested $ 12 million in the last three years to standardize its corporate and terminal operations on approximately 10,000 Dell OptiPlex desktops and Latitude laptops, according to company executives. Southwest wanted to replace the well-known glossy plastic boarding cards with an electronic system with barcode paper boarding cards. So we installed about 350 touch screen ticket readers supported by Dell OptiPlex desktop computers. The barcode provides more information to automatically reconcile the number of boarding passes to the Southwest with the number of passengers boarding.

While technology would help Southwest Airlines combine passenger information for the company’s 3,000 flights daily, there were concerns that it could extend the time it takes to board passengers. However, it was found that scanning each barcode on boarding passes did not increase or shorten boarding schedules, but it took several minutes of administrative procedures, such as looking at customer records. The new paper barcode system allows Southwest ticket agencies to match a customer record with the obligation to scroll and log into multiple software screens. The process is much more automated. When the bar code on the boarding pass is scanned at the terminal door, it checks the person in the passenger list in real time.

The old process was from finding information, from booking to check-in, and from several boarding screens to scrolling. Barcode equipment used to scan boarding cards was deployed. The company is in the process of replacing customer service back office equipment at airports, including its headquarters in Dallas.

Software Upgrades

Software applications such as those used by officers to control passengers are being modified. Southwest Airlines & # 39; s internally written “Airport Application Suite” is expected to be launched next year with the transition from green screens to the Window-based user interface. Similar to Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Southwest Airlines believes in developing in-house software that operates its operations. The company uses very little ready software. Each year, there are 75 to 100 projects supported by approximately 900 IT employees.


Radio frequency identification technology is an alternative to barcoding for baggage recognition on Southwest’s radar. In 2006, it plans to test RFID technology. While the Southwest continues to grow small with other airlines such as Air Tran, Alaska and Champion Airlines, in many cases it can spur more sophisticated applications that are waiting longer.


Southwest emerged very successfully despite the most troubled times in the airline market. However, JetBlue, ATA airlines, and other low-cost airlines, such as America West, face new challenges in the face of increasing competition.

Reserved seats

Due to increased security guidelines since September 2001, they need to be prepared for designated (reserved) seating to track passengers on the Southwest’s flight. This change will involve major technology investments and will adversely affect door operations, as the existing unassigned seating style helps in fast door turns.

Passenger Request

The simple hold philosophy served well to the southwest. But as their businesses grow and grow, dozens of new aircraft purchase plans and the expectation of approaching nearly 80 million passengers in passenger traffic, the airline’s IT philosophy, the strategy of simplicity reflected. IO It’s time to adapt our business processes for efficiency, C said CIO Tom Nealon. When our airline is scaled to give us the same kind of high-touch customer service, we have to automate many things we can do. without advance technology. The challenge is to do it without accepting the customer’s touch. ”Southwest also aggressively follows customer relationship management (CRM) techniques and has applications to understand customer wishes and tastes. According to the interview with CEO Gary Keller, the Southwest focused on developing two areas – the customer’s airport experience and flight experience.

In-flight Entertainment

Overall, in-flight entertainment in an effort to improve the customer’s flight experience is something that Southwest is currently evaluating and that JetBlue is already very successful because of its introduction on long-haul flights. In contrast, the Southwest has 415 planes to consider, and this represents an investment decision in a completely new dimension. In addition, he should consider how southwestern jobs fit into their environment. At this point, 60% of the service is still very short. Southwest should be aware that a particular approach that is successful for its competitor may not necessarily be suitable for its advantage.


Southwest has long been recognized as a benchmark in the industry for operational excellence. Southwest Airlines is a good example of a company committed to its core competencies – efficient operations, exceptional customer service delivery and innovative HR management practices to maintain its low-cost structure. We hope that this article will give a good insight into Southwest operations as part of its overall strategy to achieve its success strategy and competitive advantage.


1. ( (Southwest Airlines official website)

2. & # 147; Southwest sheds simple & # 148; – World of Air Transport, April 2005, page 36

3. Worldwide $ 48 (or so): How High Can Discount Airlines Fly? & # 147; Strategy Management – Information @ Wharton Bulletin 5 Oct 2005

4. TechWeb – (

5. & # 147; Southwest’s Success Strategy: Assemble! & # 148; – Oracle Magazine (September / October 2004 edition)

6. & # 147; Southwest Airlines: High Technology, Low Cost & # 148; –, April 2005

7. & # 147; Jet Fuel Hedging Strategies: Available Options for Airlines and an Industrial Applications Survey & # 148; & # 150; Kellogg Faculty of Management Research Report, Spring 2004

8. Winning Behavior: What Do the Most Intelligent, Most Successful Companies Do in a Different Way? Terry R. Bacon and David G. Pugh, 2003

9. Time Magazine, October 28, 2002, Volume. 160 Number 18, p. 45

10. Change Wings & # 148; Information Week, 28 March 2005,

11. Labor Contract Negotiations in the Airline Industry, Monthly Labor Review, July 2003, page 24


Hotels Near Dallas Texas


If you are looking for the best budget accommodation near Dallas Texas, your search should start now. While there are enough budget places to stay near Dallas Texas, planning ahead will always give you more opportunities to find more value for money deals. So let's look at a few budget accommodations in Dallas now.

Inns are some of the best budget places to stay if you're visiting Dallas. One of them is America's best Value Inn. The place is well equipped with a very reasonable price and a free breakfast. They include cable TV, a mini fridge, internet and a microwave. There are also business facilities and free local calls. It is located right next to the I-30 highway and is therefore easily accessible.

Best Western City Place Inn is located near the center of American Airlines. It's one of the best budget places if you want quick access to some of the best business resources in town. It is just minutes from the Smirnoff center, the Dallas convention center, State Fair Park and the JFK monument and museum. So after you do some work, you can also do some things about seeing.

The Best Western Lakeview Inn, Garland, is another great inn to stay at. Remove from noisy city and also very pet friendly. It is a popular choice for hosting sporting events as well as corporate events. There are 46 beautifully appointed rooms and mini suites with large hot tubs. Each room also has free amenities such as high-speed internet, microwave and fridge. While there, you can enjoy the lively nightlife of the West End and Deep Ellum and enjoy a good dining experience at Reunion Tower.

Hostels are usually an excellent choice when it comes to traveling on a budget and you can get great deals on Ecnono Lodge Dallas Airpot North. This is a place you should be in if you plan to connect in a good way. This is just 15 minutes from Dallas City Center and 10 minutes from 3 major airports – providing quick access to everything you need.

If you're planning big meetings, the Park Inn Suites Arlington is the perfect venue. Social meetings, parties, etc. To accommodate large numbers of people has budget-friendly rates. Also great for a family getaway at the weekend.

So when visiting Dallas, whatever your goal, you will have a lot of choice when it comes to staying in the budget. And that's without compromising. The budget venues in Dallas still offer many possibilities for the traveler.


Lockheed L-188 Electra


1. Design Origins:

Transition periods sometimes require transition solutions. In the 1950s Douglas Douglas-6 and DC-7 piston aircraft and the Lockheed L-649/749 and -1040 Constellations were advancing to technological heights, but outside the pure jet engine. the unfortunate de Havilland DH.106 Comet I and those who power the new military aircraft has not yet reached the maturity of commercial aviation, he said. The compromise, at least in terms of speed, seemed to be the turboprop engine, which combines the elements of both and is already introduced by Vickers Viscount in the UK.

During this period, especially in 1954, American Airlines, which attracted Eastern & # 39; s interest, presented design specifications for what he saw as a new class of aircraft. These included a cruising speed of more than 400 mph, profitable operations in sectors ranging from 100 to 2,700 mph, a capacity of at least 65 passengers, and a short-range performance that could serve the country's 100,000 major buildings. airports.

In short, it was looking for more speed, comfort and economy than the current generation of quad motor vehicles, but would be able to perform multisectoral flights without the need to refuel and achieve profitability at a cost as low as 50 percent with load factors.

According to Robert J. Serling, entitled "The Electra Story: The Greatest Mystery of Aviation,“ “the American and the East wanted an equally well-versed aircraft in short and long-distance operations” (Bantam Books, 1963, p. 15). “This was mostly achieved by a thirteen and a half foot support that passes powerful airflow 9 feet from the wing area.”

To this end, Lockheed selected the US's first turboprop powered aircraft L-188, choosing the same type of C-130 Hercules design team and Allison T-56 engines that provide this type of power.

“Lockheed opened America's commercial jet era by hanging propellers on the jet engine, Jim according to Jim Upton in Lockheed L-188 Electra (Specialty Press Publishers and Wholesalers, 1999, p. 7). Araştırma Research separated from Lockheed convinced airlines that, even though their propeller-free jets are excellent in long-range fights, airlines will have an effective tool for segments that yield historically little or no profit (ie, yielding short-to-moderate results). . paths. "

The aircraft was the product of an almost-read equation: "Jet power + propeller efficiency = proper performance and economy."

In addition to the design team and the power unit, he shared another aspect of the manufacturer's lineage: his name. Its products borrow the designation of the double piston, as in the 1920s and 1930s, to identify a star, such as "Orion", "Vega", "Sirius" and "Altair". engine L-10 Electra, L-12 Electra Junior and L-14 Super Elektra.

Eastern and American, in 1955, respectively ordered 40 and 35 L-188 for the second generation Electras.

2. Design Features:

According to senior American Airlines Captain Arthur Weidman, who flies DC-3s, Convairliners, DC-6s, and DC-7s, "(Lockheed L-188 Electra) has a multi-purpose and strong profile. " "The nose is sharply inclined downward to provide good visibility on the ground and in the air. Then, the lines return straight across a perfect cylindrical body to provide a wider cross-section than the DC-7. gives a taut, smooth, sleek and streamlined appearance. Thin nacelles stand out like giant probes with minimal frontal resistance. "

With a length of 104.6-meters and a diameter of 11.4-meters, the Electra had large, square passenger windows.

One of the keys to his design was the wing. Mounted with significant dihedral and sporty square tips, which emerged in a very short time for the aircraft it supported, it was only 5.5 feet shorter than the fuselage, 99 feet long and offered both low drag and surveillance. The traction edge wings extended from the stem to the ailerons or just beyond the exhaust nozzles of the external engines, and almost 80 percent of the span was subjected to propeller washing to facilitate lift at low speeds.

Power was supplied by four 3,750-eshp (equivalent shaft horsepower) Allison 501-D13 turboprop; it has a 13.6-foot diameter, single rotation, hydraulically controlled, fixed speed, reversible pitch, four-blade propeller. Compared to the pure jet engine, the propeller jet has a reduction gear that drives both the propeller and additional gas turbine segment stages, resulting in a 90:10 thrust generation ratio or 90 percent of the propeller and 10 percent of the exhaust gases.

Ailerons, lifts and rudders are powered by push-pull, tube-connected hydraulic booster units, while the engine compressor bleeding air prevents icing of all control surfaces.

The aircraft's 5,520-US gallon fuel capacity was stored in a two-wing integrated tank fitted with two, 1,100 gallons internal and two 1,660 gallons external. In-flight fuel crossfeeding was only required in sectors with a distance of more than 1,800 miles.

The L-188 was based on a two-wheel, hydraulically driven, retracting tricycle undercarriage with provision for gravity free fall extension in the event of hydraulic or electrical system failures.

The integrated, trunk expandable air ladders, among other self-contained features, supported low-floor, equipment-independent location, facilitating returns at transit stations where refueling is not required in as little as 12 minutes.

Electra was flown as standard by a three-person cockpit crew, with a double-gas bomb dial on the sides of the captain and the first officer, and a flight crew station at the domestic terminal and a fourth crew member, traveling internationally and in the rear, on the left, otherwise the observer's eating place. occupy.

Although the passenger compartment configurations and densities vary by operator, Lockheed initially offered a variety of options that were facilitated by the installation of seat rails. A 26-inch corridor and 66 four side-by-side, 20-inch seats in a 38-inch area, or 85 five-in-one, 18-inch-wide in a 17-inch corridor can be installed; It has a six-row, tail-mounted hall arranged in a semicircle. The stern assembly, as in the standard medium, reduced the capacity to 83, while reaching 99 five in a maximum of 20 rows. Alternatively, 127 passengers were available in a six-inch, 32-inch pitch configuration, but structural modifications and additional exits were required to meet the evacuation criteria.

Maximum 6.55 psi differential with two engine-driven superchargers, provided the cabin is pressurized and the temperature maintained by radiant heating.

Luggage, cargo and mail were moved from two places, with hands accessible to the starboard gate.

With a maximum take-off weight of 113,000 pounds, the first domestic L-188A version had a range of 2,200 miles and reached a maximum speed of 373 mph and 448 mph.

"For the US's domestic operations, the L-188A had two basic versions with a capacity of 5,520 US gallons of fuel, and the L-188C with 900 US gallons more fuel and higher gross 116,000 pounds …," from 1945 According to Michael Hardy in World Civilian Aircrafts (Charles Scribner's Sons 1979, p. 93).

Its range was 3,500 miles.

3. Test Flights:

Captain Herman "Fish" Salmon Pilot, First Officer Roy Wimmer, Flight Engineer Laurie Hallard and Flight Test Engineer Bill Spreurer, L-188 Electra, made their opening flight from Lockheed Air Terminal in Burbank, California on December 6, 1957. "The softness and quietness of the aircraft (it immediately caught the eye). The vibration level was very low and the engines were so quiet that you could hear the following plane."

Following a 655-hour flight test program with four planes, on August 12, 1958, the program was approved five weeks in advance and allowed the customer to start the first delivery of aircraft 1007 on October 8 with Eastern Airlines two months later.

Acquisition of Electra's design and performance capabilities, as announced by the Airline Pilots Association evaluation committee.

"The members were impressed by the possible rapid application of power and the sudden aircraft response in climbing performance," he said. "He certainly surpassed his landing and raffle.

"High speed stability is good … good control response at launch speeds … responds well to the descent jet … cross winds and descent characteristics are most normal …

"The stall characteristics of this aircraft were very good in all configurations. There was no drop in a wing or any other negative trend.

“This committee is confident that manufacturers, operators, pilots and the public will be pleased with the safety, efficiency and economy records that will be provided.”

American Airlines Captain Arthur Weidman expanded upon it after his first flight of this type.

“Electra is the plane of every inch pilot, Douglas wrote Douglas J. Ingells,“ The L-1011 Story of TriStar and Lockheed ”(Aero Publishers, Inc., 1973, p. 124.) The first impression was that the plane took off. "functional beauty"

Despite its powerful prop jet turbines, it found that it was quieter than similar pistons accelerating in the cockpit during taxiing and acceleration.

“Ind He rushed down and climbed quickly,” he said. “Obviously, there was a lot of force in the propulsion (and p. 127) of the propellers to be placed on the visually large, flat blades of the propellers (and).

A throttle advance to the "flight regimen" stage triggered the aircraft's acceleration cylinder engines at a speed of 13,820 rpm, causing the L-188 to perform its rotation before it took place in a Piper Cub. performance.

“The low noise and vibration level makes the takeoff easier and the plane leaves… ((p. 129). "The high vibration and long, slow climb of reciprocating engines are a thing of the past."

Unlike obstacles on other planes, Electra's controls the wing angle, not the rotation of the engine, which remained constant throughout all flight stages. Therefore, although the push changes were only due to changes in the slopes, they had to be combined with the elevator entrances.

Climbing equaled 2,200 to 2,500 fpm and speeds exceeded 400 mph.

Lifting and wing efficiency are significantly improved by support washing on the surface.

Iyor More than a sixty-ton aircraft, it responds to control actions like warriors ”(p. 129).

The plane's power reserve was almost astronomical: it could climb any two engines and raise altitude on any one.

The landing only requires a short roll of deceleration supported by the necessary ground contact and brake applications and the reversible steps of the propellers.

4. Airline Operations:

Eastern Airlines, the first and largest of 14 original operators with 34 L-188As and six L-188Cs, entered service scheduled for 66 single passengers on January 12, 1959, as well as the sixth stern. New York (Idlewild) -Atlanta-Tampa, Miami-New York-Montreal and Detroit-Cleveland-Miami on many dual-sector routes. Between 1965 and 1977, it was the first and second part of the air shuttle (DC-9), connecting La Guardia to Boston and Washington.

American, the second operator with 35 L-188A, started Electra service on the Chicago-Midway line on the same day as Eastern in New York-La Guardia.

Ordering 15 L-188A, National Airlines presented 72-passenger and six-seat lounge interior and connected New York (Idlewild) to Miami from April 23, 1959.

Offering a similar 75/6 arrangement, Braniff served Texas, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio from New York-Idlewild and Chicago-Midway airports.

According to John Proctor, Western Western Airlines, declared a completely new dimension in jet-jet travel, commenced Electra-jet service on August 1, 1959 between Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland and the West Coast of Seattle ”, Mike Machat and Craig Kodera "Props Jets: Transition of Commercial Aviation to the Jet Age" (Specialty Press, 2010, p. 91). "Two months later, turboprop flights were added to Salt Lake City, Denver, and Minneapolis, and the fleet was opened to five class, first-class aircraft configurations of 66 people. Their layout was missing a hall."

On September 18, 1959, with the first of 18 L-188Cs, the Northwest served the battle base in Minneapolis and operated an intercontinental segment from New York-Idlewild to Seattle. .

12 KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, an international L-188C with a capacity of 67, became Electra's sole European operator and was launched on December 9, 1959 on Amsterdam-Düsseldorf-Vienna, Amsterdam-Frankfurt-Budapest and similar roads. entry. What happened to the Middle East. The plane has Hamilton Standard propellers with round ends and cockpit navigator stations.

This species was used in a remote region, such as Hong Kong, Indonesia and Australia, according to the likes of Cathay Pacific, Garuda and Qantas, respectively.

5. Braniff Flight 542:

The result of the Air Line Pilots' Association, Electra's "safety, efficiency and economy record," was predictive, while the first of the three principles did not materialize.

From Houston to New York, Braniff Flight 542, the airline N-9705C, is the fifth L-188A of transportation and was delivered just two days ago. It is planned to use 188A aircraft. Passengers on a warm and humid night on September 29, 1959. There was no clue about the fate of the plane. Or was he there?

First Officer Dan Hallowell, one of the six crew members on board, commented to an Allison representative before he left, "This plane is getting funny." Hallowell could not be elaborated and the representative could not understand his results. He stated that there were no abnormalities in the aircraft's logbook, maintenance and trim. Perhaps it was nothing more than an uneasy feeling.

Electra divorced himself from the runway in 2244, 13 minutes later he was assigned to a height of 15,000 feet, 2300 at a relatively short cut to Dallas at 275 knots speed.

Five minutes later, after reporting his position in Leona, Texas, he was instructed to "follow Fort Worth 120.8 as often" and was recorded as "Transmission complete, 2307" in the registry.

It was the latter.

The next event was heard before the small town of Buffalo was seen by Texas, since most of the residents had already retired for the night. It was an attack on the senses. The tremors in the changing curtains and the deafening whistle preceded a slight roar that peaked in a thunderous cacophony. Like an exploding bomb, he then visually revealed himself as hurricanes of heavy metal fragments, breaking pieces of some large-scale ships. Finally, the nostrils were looted as the rain of jet-propellant kerosene rain, at a time when all the remains of Braniff Flight 542 and almost 100 L-188 carry 20,000 passengers daily.

Although witnesses from the predominantly farmland area describe various pre-crash sounds, perhaps the most accurate is not from humans, but when a farmer observes, "When the sound comes, every koon dog begins howling for miles." Impressed?

Reflected to the ground, to some extent, is the image of what shows in the air what causes the plane to fall and fall apart. A seemingly squeezed crater contained the forward hull section and several arms separated from the rest of the hull, and the remnants of the back of the periodic feet and then the shafts in place: the central cabin at 225 feet; vertical tail, rudder, internal stabilizers and tail cone 230 feet; A large section on the right wing of 1,760 feet; starboard stabilizer 2,020 feet; port stabilizer 4,080 feet; Motorized hub with number four at 5,300 meters; the left wing includes the engine cover and propeller number two and the fourth engine at 8,640 feet; 9,600 feet number one propeller and gear box; and a 9.2-inch cross section of the hydraulic line of the two and a half fuel tank, 2.3 miles. Indeed, a 17-mile linear debris pattern was stretched from the crater to the LEONA VOR.

The elaborate restructuring revealed that Electra opened his left flank, the fire exploded at this point, and the limbless plane shattered from gravity-induced forces, wandering the ground.

Part of the investigation focused on the land witness and explained his claims before being aware of the origin of the high-pitched sound in the sky, and perhaps showed that the propellers had reached supersonic speeds for some reason. The physiological responses of the collective coon dogs were also not reduced, because they reacted as if their voice had pierced their ears. But how and why? And if anything, what does all of this have to do with the first officer's comment on the öncesi funny trim ın of the plane before takeoff? Could this be the result of an autopilot or balancer failure or even a fuel imbalance?

And what was the significance of the signs of damage that revealed that the propeller number 1 rotated at an angle of 35 degrees from the normal plane of rotation? Wouldn't it be the natural consequence of stress and pressure as the left wing wears out? Or was it the reason?

Nevertheless, detailed research and analysis revealed that there was no definitive answer – there was no possible cause and therefore no design changes could be proposed to correct the undetected error or error.

Until 17.03.1960, it was concluded that the possible failure of the Braniff Electra accident to precisely determine the cause of death and all the losses on the ship. And that's exactly what happened that day.

6. Northwest Flight 710:

The N-122US was the first L-188C ironically delivered to Northwest Airlines and entered less than 1,800 hours ago, but would not be in service for a long time. From March 17, 1960 to Minneapolis-Midway, which operates as Flight 710, the first of its two parts is a one-minute fur minute; However, it quickly took off again, now reaching Miami, 1438 local time, 105,000 pounds gross weight, 18,000 meters, and seven minutes later I learned that the Indianapolis Center was on Millford, Illinois.

In 1513, Indiana, next in Scotland, advised the radio checkpoint in Indiana to 18 protect 18,000 in 15,000 and predict Bowling Green ’.

Fifteen minutes later, he was asked to contact the Memphis Center over the frequency of 124.6, which he responded to Flight 710 as "Accepted". It was the last message received.

The weather was clear, but according to later events, apparently it was not very cooperative. Explosions in which the powerful, unpredictable phenomenon called "clear air turbulence" (CAT) pierces Electra's desperate victim, releases two bubbles of white smoke, and then destroys a large black as fate is seen as two witnesses.

The plane, which was reduced to an air amputee, threw its right wing and held a little more than the handle of its left wing. At first, the indifferent, limb body continued straight and straight, but when the ailerons could not lift and desperate to build or correct a bank without them, they could no longer manage one of the Wright Brothers' three flight axes. It was scientifically defined 57 years ago and resulted in the imbalance of the above air and the withdrawal of gravity.

Nose bleeding, trailing smoke and throwing structure act like a missile from air to ground at a soy field near Tell City, Indiana at 618 miles / hour. By measuring snow, dirt, mud, and vegetation, Newton's Law of Third Motion – "there is an equal and opposite reaction to every movement" – is 250 feet.

The rest was a 30-meter wide, 12-meter deep cigarette smoke crater, molecular fragmentation and obliteration of 63 passengers and crew;

Can outdoor turbulence be the culprit?

The only important piece of debris was later discovered in the crater itself.

Serling, “The Electra Story: Aviation's Greatest Mystery” (Ser. Cit., P. 49), "The big hull made it telescopic and compressed into a mass of molten metal that was only one third of its total length." "Of the 63 people, there was not enough time to identify more than seven bodies. The aluminum body with coffins was so hot that five days later, a steam shovel picked up the still-burning parts."

Right wing, 11,229 feet severed from impact point. His tips were strangely reminiscent of the Braniff accident near Buffalo, Texas. What was the partner between the two?

One aspect was different. Clear air turbulence and a jet stream of more than 100 millimeters at 18,000 feet, the altitude of the Northwest flight, stopped the flight path at a 90-degree angle, affecting other planes at that time. But he begged the question: why, if they were so violent, could they not bear a similar fate?

The open air turbulence for all its features suddenly began to be seen by the Federal Aviation Agency. Although it exceeded the structural expectations of L-188, it was somewhat different from other propeller airplanes because it represented some degree of transitional technology: combining traditional uprights with still unstable turbines, ensuring that the speed limits between them were kept. for example, DC-6 and the resulting military jets.

Like adolescents trying to grow very fast, perhaps Comet had entered an area where he was not ready enough because the body was in high altitude areas with insufficient thickness skin indicators. Along with CAT, maybe it was a disaster.

The FAA, which landed the plane but could not determine the exact cause, chose to keep the Electra combined with the initial speed limit of 275 knots, but with the deactivation of autopilots and the installation of impact-resistant facilities. flight recording equipment. When it was discovered that this was the speed of the Braniff plane, it was reduced to 225 knots.

What exactly happened? Ultimately, the aircraft had been pre-tested before certification.

“… (But) Electra projects nowhere, never left end to end, thousands of hours of ground and test flight reports can not spread forty miles away, calculations in 20,000 separate design work or 7,000 pages of mathematical work – known as a“ rush mode bilimsel from a scientific phenomenon Was there any promise? Ling Serling (Ibid, p. 19).

7. Mystery Solved:

Both laboratory (theoretical) and aerial (practical) research and investigation, part of the Lockheed Electra Achievement Program or LEAP, explored the mystery behind the Braniff and Northwest accidents and required a ten-hour flight in two days with various loads, parameters, and even red line fastening speeds were discovered. Initially, they only proved the design integrity of the L-188, and even an uninterpretable clue finally emerged.

Energy radiates and applies its effects at its final destination. In the case of Electra, it was found that heavy motion loads had a much greater impact on the engines of outboard motors than in the structural tests revealed during severe turbulence penetration, as evidenced during flight experiments, producing a wing bending force from there to the ends. The California mountains, which produce hurricane-strong superstructures, are called “Sierra waves.. The turbulence they created caused damage to the aircraft's flight controls and structure.

Increased damage to engines 1 and 4, respectively, of Braniff and Northwest aircraft, respectively, is the result of uncontrolled impacts. Diagonal, sawtooth fractures showed the presence of pre-structural failure – cyclic, repetitive and strong oscillations – but what was unanswered was why the lack of turbulence in Buffalo, Texas caused the same phenomenon. Tell me in town, Indiana. What exactly caused the same devastating flutter in an atmospheric-like setback?

Then focus on the corresponding Electrons, which opposed each other in the installation, the engine air spontaneously changed themselves.

Analysis of the remains of the eight propellers showed that the number one engine on the Braniff aircraft was shaken for a reason. An excessively fast catalyst or condition caused the ends to reach sonic velocities, and this difference illuminated the truth. Both accidents were caused by propeller swirl mode.

Since a propeller has gyroscopic tendencies, it remains in the plane of rotation until dislodged by an external source and causes Newton to comply with "equal and opposite reaction" laws. In this case, while the propeller continued to rotate in one direction, the induced vortex mode disengaged it from its uniform rotation and caused it to vibrate differently.

If it is not humidified, dismantled or turned down, it develops a crazy trembling gyroscope, transmits its energy to the energy it is mounted on, in this case it spreads everything in its path and becomes infected with the wing or more precisely. The outer wing was the left, in the Braniff crash. Northwest accident, that's right.

A strut body failure on the second Electra's engine number four caused abnormal, multi-directional loads, eliminating the restriction that restricts the engine from moving up and to the left, causing the engine to experience large revolutions. They eventually broke the propeller reduction gearbox.

As shown in the NASA Langley wind tunnel with the eighth scale L-188 model, the result is expressed as follows.

"In the Nacelle region, the impeller automatic clamping process, involving the connection of simulated damage, gyroscopic and aerodynamic forces, occurred in a continuous, wobble movement of the spinning propeller itself."

The design flaw of the aircraft did not necessarily require insufficient strength of the nasal structure, but did not include sufficient rigidity. Influenced by previous damage, he reacted to the chain of destruction. After shaking the engine, he had a propeller, and while his motion was transmitted to the outer channel, the flexed, flapped and broken, gripping the limbless body to gravity.

Although open-air turbulence is an open spark that ignites the chain reaction in the Northwest accident, it can be presumed that only a hard landing not specified in the registry serves as a similar ignition in the Branch. Couldn't it have been the reason behind this early, yet catastrophic wobble, that the first officer's plane was "funny cut"?

And dogs don't lie, raccoons or otherwise. The supersonic speed of the propeller tips reacted to a collective howl, as it emitted painful sounds that almost pierced the hypersensitive ears.

A Lockheed-funded replacement program of $ 25 million, applied to both in-service and assembly line planes, was installed in the engine's reduction gearbox, which required structural improvements and installation of the upper and lower supports, referred to as "vibration isolators", resulting in a seven percent increase in rigidity. The air intake was relocated and new, more powerful engine mounts prevented lateral movements and all added 1,400 pounds of structural weight.

The aircraft were FAA-certified on December 30, 1960 and were redesigned as Elect Electra II's ve and Süper Super Elections ları to replace airlines that were understandably misidentified as a result of accidents.

8. Sunset Program:

The last three of the 170 L-188A and -C & apos;, registered PK-GLA, -GLB and -GLC were purchased by Garuda Indonesian Airways, and their type was rented for the second time as Central and South American aircraft. kargo gömlekleri, yangın bombardıman uçakları ve yasaklanmış P-3C Orion antisubmarine devriye uçağının platformu olarak. Alaska merkezli Reeve Aleutian Airways, yüzyılın başlarına kadar planlanan hizmetlerle üç saf yolcu ve kombi örneği işletti ve bu da türün sağlamlığını ve güvenilirliğini gösterdi.

Ancak, piston ve saf jet dönemleri arasındaki ana hat köprüsü olarak, geçişi kısa sürdü ve hemen yerini Sud-Aviation SE.210 Caravelle, Boeing 727-100 ve Douglas DC-9'un beğenisine aldı. 1960'lı yılların ortalarında -10 ve -30.


Hardy, Michael. "1945'ten beri Dünya Sivil Uçakları." New York: Charles Scribner'ın Oğulları, 1979.

Ingells, Douglas J. "L-1011 TriStar ve Lockheed Hikayesi." Fallbrook, California: Aero Yayınevi, Inc., 1973.

Proctor, John; Machat, Mike; ve Kodera, Craig. "Sahne'den Jetlere: Ticari Havacılığın Jet Çağına Geçişi, 1952-1962." North Branch, Minnesota: Özel Basın, 2010.

Serling, Robert J. "Electra Hikayesi: Havacılığın En Büyük Gizemi" New York: Bantam Kitapları, 1963.

Upton, Jim. "Lockheed L-188 Electra." North Branch, Minnesota: Özel Basın Yayıncıları ve Toptancıları, 1999.


A View from Dallas Fort Worth Airport


It's been a few years since I've flown – in general, no matter where we go when traveling, but from north Nevada to Austin, Texas, then to mid-June Houston or all that appeals to me no sounds. So I decided to fly alone.

Three different planes and two after boarding; I rediscovered the art of flying, one in Salt Lake and the second in Dallas. Real feel change of flying: people who hurry, race, in some cases only run to find that the next flight is not on board, the worst kind of stress. It dresses men, women and children from different parts of the world, languages, a micro cosmos of the world; their faces emerge from anxiety, frustration, boredom to impatience, while waiting for expressions to wait and wait.

Airlines have made some significant changes in initiatives to streamline operations and reduce costs. Among those immediately mentioned to me, for careless passengers is now a solid, then five more books inconsiderately added, along with other non-essential and rather heavy items & # 39; redundancy fee & # 39; have solid weight limits resulting in. The additional charge of $ 100.00 for the offender's three pounds surplus works like a full speed penalty: I know I'll stay under the fifty-pound ceiling next time.

People struggling to make a very large suitcase became impossible as a minute went by, helping a suitcase to people struggling to no avail. The rules are clear and mandatory. Airline personnel stops and stops several people with excess suitcases before boarding; Efficiently, the large baggage ejection process is launched to carry several hundred people to the aircraft in twenty minutes or less.

The prevalence of mobile devices with free Wi-Fi at airports and planes ensures instant communication for everyone from anywhere. Like the man standing behind me at the Dallas Fort Worth airport, people writing, texting and talking on the latest company disaster share their troubles to feel the trouble of the best player's unexpected resignation. .

I'm on my third flight since 6:30 this morning. A quick and unscientific research of hundreds of people seen during this long day revealed only two people carrying a real book to read. Many passengers use their mobile devices to avoid carefully holding a foreign ear ear in place.

The young woman sitting next to me on the last leg of this trip is one of the three people I've seen with a book – a real book and expressing her gratitude when I gave her the novel I completed.

"Do you like fiction?"

Smiling, “Yes, I do, I always travel, and I've always been waiting for the books to pass the time. Is it good? Cevap he answered.

Smiling back, "OK, time will pass." I answered.

Captain Samantha Martinez is a member of the Texas Joint Counter Drug Task Force Operations OIC, a coalition of several agencies working together to prevent the drowning of cartels in the world economy. He loves his job because he knows you're making a difference.

He listened to a character in my next book saying that he was a member of a Texas coalition drug mission force that I thought I invented and that I was sure when I asked if I could use his name in the novel. We walked together on the way to the plane and baggage claim.

One of the unexpected gifts of spending forever on airplanes was meeting a young woman like Captain Martinez; I'm trying to make this world a better place: God bless you, Samantha. Thank you very much for your permission to use your name for one of my characters in my next book.